If you’re travelling to Brazil, our travel advice and updates give you practical tips and useful information.
Get travel and medical insurance
Before travelling, the Department strongly recommends that you obtain comprehensive travel insurance which will cover all overseas medical costs, including medical repatriation/evacuation, repatriation of remains and legal costs. You should check any exclusions and, in particular, that your policy covers you for the activities you want to undertake.
- Safety and security
- Local laws and customs
- Natural disasters and climate
- Additional information
If you’re planning a trip to Brazil, we advise you to take all the usual and normal precautions.
Register with us
If you’re visiting or even planning to stay in Brazil, you should register your details with us so we can find you quickly if there’s an unforeseen crisis like a natural disaster or if you have a family emergency while you’re abroad. And, if necessary, we can offer help to you and your family.
We suggest you learn as much as you can about Brazil before your trip. We also recommend reading our Know Before You Go travel guide for practical tips on travelling abroad.
The Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade strongly recommends that you obtain comprehensive travel insurance which will cover all overseas medical costs, including medical repatriation/evacuation, repatriation of remains and legal costs. You should check any exclusions and, in particular, that your policy covers you for the activities you want to undertake. Remember to read the small print in your policy and make sure it covers everything you’re planning to do. The Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade cannot pay for emergency medical repatriation, repatriation of remains, or for expenses as a result of a personal emergency while you are abroad.
The best help is often close at hand so if you have problems, try talking to your local contacts, tour operator representative or hotel management.
Contact the Embassy
If there is an emergency, or if you need help and advice, you can contact the Irish Embassy in Brasilia.
If you phone the Embassy outside of working hours and it is an emergency, the recording will give you a number for the Embassy’s Duty Officer. When calling that number, the Duty Officer will need your full name, the nature of your problem; details of your location and contact details - mobile phone number or phone number of where you’re staying.
And our contact details are:Embaixada da Irlanda (Embassy of Ireland)
SHIS QL 12, Conjunto 05, Casa 09
Brasília, DF, CEP 71630-255
Telephone +(55.61) 3248-8800
Fax +(55.61) 3248-8816
How we can help you
We have a lot of experience helping Irish citizens who run into problems when they’re abroad. Learn more about the kind of emergency assistance we can offer you. But please do note the following in relation to Brazil. Because of distances and the fact that the Embassy is in the country’s political capital, Brasília, over 1,000km away from the largest cities, replacing a lost or stolen passport is complicated and time-consuming. It can and will be done but this is why we do strongly recommend making a laminated copy of the picture page of the passport and carrying that in Brazil as proof of identity with the original passport kept in a safe place.
Safety and security
Safety and security
The following is not intended to be alarmist; rather, we want you informed and on your guard. As always, the most practical precaution is common sense.
- Read our Know Before You Go travel guide for useful security tips when travelling abroad.
- Get advice locally about areas of risk and security concerns and take sensible precautions about safety and security. For instance, don’t carry your credit card, travel tickets and money together - leave spare cash and valuables in a safe place.
- You are obliged to carry an identity document while in Brazil. However, as mentioned above, we recommend that instead of carrying your passport, you get a laminated copy of the picture page before travelling and use that for identification purposes, leaving your passport in a safe place in your hotel or lodging. You should also leave a copy of your passport (and travel and insurance documents) with family or friends at home.
- Avoid showing large sums of money in public and don’t use ATMs after dark, especially if you’re alone. Check no one has followed you after conducting your business. Avoid dark and unlit streets and stairways, and arrange to be picked up or dropped off as close to your hotel or apartment entrance as possible.
- Keep a close eye on your personal belongings and hold on to them in public places such as internet cafés, train and bus stations. Keep your luggage locked.
- Know who to contact in case of an emergency.
- Inform your credit/debit card provider that you are going to Brazil to avoid your card being blocked for anti-fraud reasons;
- Check with your mobile phone service provider to make sure your phone works abroad, and store useful numbers in your mobile phone such as the local police and the number of this Embassy and the Honorary Consulate in São Paulo.
- Tell a friend or relative where you’re going and how long for - give them some idea of your itinerary if possible and an emergency contact number.
- Be aware that tourists are often targeted by criminals, especially prior to and during public festivals such as Carnival. Petty theft, such as pick-pocketing and bag snatching, is common, including by young men on motorcycles. Thieves operate in outdoor markets, in hotels and on and around public transport. Crime levels in shanty towns or ‘favelas’ (see below) and many satellite cities are very high. Tourists should avoid these areas, especially at night.
- Robbery and assault can also occur on Brazilian beaches. It is common for locals, for example, to take a minimal number of personal belongings to the beach and they leave passports, wallets and other valuables at home – you should do the same. Isolated areas on the beach should be avoided, particularly in the early evening. Sexual assaults have been reported in coastal tourist areas.
- Express kidnappings (called ‘quick-nappings’) and car-jackings, where individuals are abducted for short periods for a quick payoff from the victim’s family, business or ATM cards are a threat.. Park in well-lit areas; approach your car with the keys ready; drive with the doors locked and the windows up.
- If you are a victim of crime, you should cooperate and not resist. Be ready to hand over valuables if you’re threatened; don’t attempt to resist attackers, they may be armed or under the influence of drugs
- Travellers should avoid leaving food and drinks unattended in bars and places of entertainment as there have been incidents of drink spiking.
- When travelling in the cities use only licensed, metered taxis and, given few speak English, it’s a good idea to have your address written on a piece of paper to show the driver.
If you’re a victim of a crime while in Brazil, make a report immediately to the local police. We advise you to obtain a “boletim de ocorrência” (police report) at a “delegacia” (police precinct) if any of your possessions are lost or stolen. You will require a stamped police report to lodge a travel insurance claim related to lost or stolen possessions. And remember, you can contact us at the Irish Embassy if you need help.
Social unrest and street protests
The political situation in Brazil is reasonably stable but there have been street protests in most urban centres in the country in 2013, protests which in some cases turned violent. These protests have been continuing at a low level since then but there are strong indications that they will reappear on an increased scale in the run-up to and during the World Cup. Visitors are strongly advised to avoid these protests and to get advice from the media, one’s hotel or tour guide before going out.
Favelas (heavily congested slums) exist in all major Brazilian cities; they are characterised by poverty and usually too by high levels of violent crime, often drug related.
In preparation for the World Cup this year and the Olympic Games in 2016, the police in Rio de Janeiro have moved in force into the favelas to root out crime and drug trafficking and to pacify the areas. You should avoid these favelas at all times.
There are some respected guided tours of certain pacified favelas in Rio de Janeiro. These are considered safe but obviously you should get advice from a tour guide or respected source before embarking on one. These aside, you should not venture into a favela and under no circumstances accept an offer from a taxi driver to give you a tour of one.
Although the threat from terrorism in Brazil is low, there is still a global risk of indiscriminate terrorist attacks, which could be against civilian targets, including places frequented by tourists and expatriates.
If you’re planning to drive in Brazil, you should be careful. Brazil has the 5th highest rate in the world with regard to traffic mortality and 40,000 die annually on the country’s roads. So be prepared to stop unexpectedly, beware of slow moving vehicles, of vehicles changing lanes without indicating; of vehicles going through red lights, especially at night, and of people/animals on the road. Pedestrians should not presume cars will stop at pedestrian crossings.
If you want to drive:
- An Irish driving licence is not legally acceptable in Brazil – make sure to bring an international driving license and make sure too that you have adequate and appropriate insurance.
- Driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs is against the law and, if caught, you risk being imprisoned or fined.
- Be aware of Brazil’s traffic laws, such as speed limits and of the wide prevalence of speed cameras.
- Wear your seatbelts at all times.
- Keep your vehicle doors locked and your windows closed when driving and your bags out of sight to prevent opportunistic bag-snatching if you’re stopped at traffic lights.
- If you find yourself in a car accident, the emergency number for the fire department/ambulance is 193 and 190 for the police.
If you’re hiring a vehicle, do not hand over your passport as a form of security. If you’re allowing your passport to be photocopied, keep it in your sight at all times.
Check that you have adequate insurance and get the agent to explain the small print of the vehicle hire contract (particularly any waiver that will come into effect if the vehicle is damaged).
For long distance bus travel, use a reputable company. If you’re in any doubt or in any way unsure about the safety or security, don’t board. The same is true for any road travel, including taxis and taxi drivers.
Local laws and customs
Local laws and customs
- Read our travel advice, inform yourself before travelling and get advice locally when you arrive.
- Remember, the local laws apply to you as a visitor and it is your responsibility to follow them.
- Be sensitive to local customs, traditions and practices as your behaviour may be seen as improper, hostile or even illegal.
Illegal drug use (no matter what the drug) carries stiff penalties, including fines and long prison terms. Drug trafficking and use and sexual tourism are growing problems, with very severe penalties in Brazil. Pack your own luggage and do not carry items that do not belong to you.
Air travel in Brazil can be disorganised with frequent delays and cancellation of domestic flights. This is mainly because Brazilian airports are reaching full capacity but also because of severe weather and systemic weaknesses. Throughout Brazil, we recommend that you confirm your flight details before travelling and to be prepared for delays. Once at the airport make sure to check frequently the details of you departure gate as they can change, sometimes more than once, a consequence of the congestion, delayed flights and the allocation of gates to other incoming flights.
Natural disasters and climate
Natural disasters and climate
- If you’re travelling to Brazil, make sure you know what to expect – then plan and pack so that you’re prepared
- Get local advice on how to manage in the case of a serious incident or dangerous conditions
- Co-operate with local authorities and emergency services in the case of serious incidents
Flash floods and landslides, especially in poorer urban areas, can happen at any time, especially during and after periods of heavy rain. You should monitor the local news and weather forecasts and ask about the weather at the reception of where you’re staying.
Entry requirements (visa/passport)
Ireland and Brazil have an agreement under which their citizens can enter each other’s country without a visa and as a tourist for up to 90 days. You will, however, have to be able to show that you are a genuine tourist (see below).
If you’re unsure of what the entry requirements for Brazil are, including visa and other immigration information, ask your travel agent or contact the nearest Brazilian Embassy or Consulate. You can also check with them how long your passport must be valid for.
In general, on arrival in Brazil you should have:
- Proof that you have or have access to sufficient funds (if you’re bringing a credit card, we advise you to carry a statement to prove the limit).
- A return or onward ticket.
- Proof of accommodation booked for at least the first night.
Travelling with Minors
Brazil has strict laws in relation to Brazilian children leaving the country, with only one parent/guardian. In such cases, the parent/guardian must carry proof that the other parent has consented or proof of sole legal guardianship.
For minors entering/exiting from Brazil, the applicable law is the law of the country of origin of the child. This means that authorisation is not necessarily needed, from the other parent/legal guardian. However the Embassy is aware of several cases where children, who entered Brazil on an Irish passport and with one parent, faced problems trying to exit from Brazil.
The Brazilian immigration authorities will require consent for a child who also has Brazilian citizenship, even when entering/exiting Brazil using an Irish passport. If a child has a Brazilian parent, even when born abroad and without a Brazilian passport, this child is automatically considered a Brazilian citizen and will be subject to the Brazilian legislation when entering/exiting Brazil without one of their parents.
If the parent who will give the consent is a Brazilian citizen, we understand that this consent can be done through the Brazilian Embassy in Dublin. However, if the parent is not Brazilian, the parent’s signature in the consent will need to be recognized by a Public Notary registered in the Brazilian Embassy in Dublin and then afterwards legalized in their Consular Section. Please contact the Brazilian Embassy, in Dublin, for further information in this regard.
If a child is travelling to Brazil with only one parent/legal guardian, the Embassy advises that the parent/legal guardian should carry proof that the other parent has consented or proof of sole legal guardianship. This should be done, irrespective of what passport the child is using to enter Brazil.
Property Investment in Brazil
If you wish to purchase a property in Brazil, you should complete all adequate due diligence procedures which may include seeking legal advice in advance on any transaction. The Embassy is aware of several cases where a property, bought in good faith, has been expropriated because of a liability acquired by the previous owner. Please contact the Embassy for information on lists of English speaking lawyers in Brazil. Please note that the Embassy of Ireland cannot give legal advice or become involved in any civil legal matters.
Check with your doctor well in advance of travelling to see if you need any vaccinations for your destination in Brazil. In general you should protect yourself from mosquito bites in Brazil as they can carry a range of diseases including malaria and dengue fever.
How to protect yourself from mosquitoes
1) Find out from local people when local mosquitos are most likely to be biting.
2) Avoid areas where mosquitoes are likely to congregate (i.e. stagnant water).
3) Wear appropriate clothing: long-sleeved shirts, long trousers, boots and socks.
4) Protect your room: Mosquito bites can be reduced by air conditioning, insect-proof screens etc.
5) Protect your bed: Bed nets and cot nets should be used if rooms are not adequately screened or air conditioned.
6) Use insect Repellents: The Centres for Disease Control and Prevention advises the use of DEET as a mosquito repellent (including by pregnant women – the risk to an unborn baby, certainly from malaria, would outweigh any potential risk from DEET.), if you ensure to A) use it sparingly, and B) wash it off when away from risk of biting mosquitoes, as it is a chemical applied to the skin.
Malaria is a risk in some northern parts of Brazil including much of the Amazon. You may need to take anti-malarial medication, depending on the areas to be visited, and to cover up and use insect repellent in the evening and at night.
The main risk season for dengue fever is from January to March. There is no effective treatment for this fever, which has severe flu-like symptoms and can sometimes be fatal to the elderly, the very young or people with underlying conditions. As well as getting medical advice before travelling, you should also take advice on local conditions when travelling within Brazil and minimise exposure to mosquito bites by covering up and using insect repellents on exposed skin.
In Brazil, yellow fever transmission is for the most part restricted to tropical and jungle areas. However, from time to time, an increase in yellow fever activity or an outbreak occurs in other parts of the country. You should discuss the immunisation and vaccination requirements for yellow fever with your doctor before travelling to Brazil. And if you’re coming from a yellow-fever endemic zone in another South American country, you must have a documented yellow fever card before you will be allowed to enter Brazil.
Zika Virus (ZIKAV)
Rising incidences of ZIKAV infection in Brazil are suspected to be responsible for an increase in microcephaly (a congenital condition in which a baby is born with an abnormally small head and suffers from impaired intellectual development.) Although the link between ZIKAV and congenital malformation remains unproven, the precautionary principle should apply.
ZIKAV is transmitted by infected mosquitoes and symptoms can include fever, headache, maculopapular rash, followed by conjunctivitis and arthralgia. More serious cases can resemble influenza. Hospitalisation and death are uncommon, especially in fit young people and adults.
Women who are pregnant or who might become pregnant should be aware of this risk and make every effort to protect themselves against biting mosquitos while travelling in areas affected by ZIKAV.
The Embassy is aware of a number of cases of Irish people travelling to see and be treated for illness by a well-known 'faith healer' in the state of Goias in central Brazil. Some became ill following this treatment and were in need of medical attention. The Embassy strongly cautions that serious consideration be given before embarking on such a trip or allowing any, other than a medical professional, to perform a medical procedure. The public healthcare system in Brazil, especially in the more remote areas, is not of the highest quality.
If you have to use a Brazilian telephone (rather than an Irish mobile) you need to use a carrier, that is, to add an additional two numbers which effectively select through which company your call will be routed.
Thus if, from, say, Rio de Janeiro, you wished to call the Embassy, you would dial 0+carrier (which can be 21, 14 or 15) followed by 61.3248-8800.