The Embassy’s History
Find out about the Embassy's history, including where we are at 17 Grosvenor Place and some of our former Ambassadors.
History of 17 Grosvenor Place
The Irish Embassy has been situated in 17 Grosvenor Place since Christmas day 1949. Built circa 1867 by Robert John Waller, the building was leased to him by the Duke of Westminster from 29 September 1867 to 29 September 1957, in consideration of the expenses incurred by Waller during its construction. Waller leased the building on 29 July 1889 to Arthur Wilson Esq, a ship-owner from Hull and a friend of King Edward VII while he was Prince of Wales. Upon Waller's death, the trustees of his will assigned the lease to the Hon. Arthur Ernest Guinness, the 2nd son of the 1st Earl of Iveagh. Guinness surrendered the lease to the Duke of Westminster on the 25th November 1948, who in turn leased it to the Commissioners of Public Works in Ireland on 20 September 1950, with the lease beginning on 25 December 1949.
Irish Ambassadors to Britain
James McNeill High Commissioner
|Prof. T A Smiddy High Commissioner||February 1929||December 1930|
John Whelan Dulanty High Commissioner/
|Frederick Henry Boland||July 1950||October 1956|
|Cornelius Cremmin||October 1956||January 1958|
|Hugh McCann||February 1958||January 1963|
|Cornelius Cremmin||January 1963||April 1964|
|John G. Molloy||April 1964||February 1970|
|Donal O'Sullivan||February 1970||February 1977|
|Paul Keating||February 1977||November 1978|
|Edward Kennedy||November 1978||August 1983|
|Noel Dorr||August 1983||March 1987|
|Andrew O'Rourke||July 1987||September 1991|
|Joseph Small||September 1991||September 1995|
|Edward J Barrington||September 1995||September 2001|
|Dáithí Ó Ceallaigh||September 2001||July 2007|
|David Cooney||July 2007||January 2009|
|Bobby McDonagh||April 2009||August 2013|
|Dan Mulhall||September 2013||August 2017|
|Adrian O'Neill||September 2017||Present|
Our First High Commissioner
James McNeill served as the first High Commissioner to London and was also the second Governor-General of the Irish Free State. Born in Antrim in 1869, McNeill served as a high-ranking member of the Indian Civil Service in Mumbai for 25 years. On leaving the Indian Civil Service, he returned to Dublin to live with his brothers, Eoin and Charles. McNeill became a Sinn Féin supporter following his brother Eoin's involvement in the 1916 rising, and his own arrest and confinement for a short time due to his brother's connections. He was elected to Dublin City Council in 1920, and served as chairman of the council in 1922. McNeill was then offered the position of High Commissioner in December 1922, and he took up the position in London on January 8th 1923. McNeill was High Commissioner for five years, when he left to return to Dublin to take up the position of second Governor General of the Irish Free State, a position he held until 1932. He died in December 1938.
Our First Ambassador
John Whelan Dulanty was born in Manchester in 1883. Whilst working fulltime at a cotton mill, Dulanty continued his education at night school at the Manchester Municipal Evening School of Commerce, and at Manchester University, where he read law. He was later called to the Bar. Appointed honorary director of the United Irish League of Great Britain by John Redmond, in 1908 he supported the Winston Churchill's election campaign to secure the North-West Manchester seat. This connection with Churchill was to prove important in Dulanty's later diplomatic career as Irish high commissioner in London. A civil servant in England for a number of years, Dulanty was principal assistant secretary at the Ministry of Munitions and assistant secretary at the Treasury. He resigned from the civil service in 1920, becoming deputy chairman and managing director of the retailer Peter Jones Ltd. He joined the Irish civil service in 1926, and served as High Commissioner for twenty years, from 1930 until 1950. In July 1950 he was made Ambassador (as Ireland had since left the Commonwealth), becoming the first Irish Ambassador to the court of St James until his retirement in September of that year. He died in 1955.
To find out more about John Dulanty please see blog by former Ambassador of Ireland to the United Kingdom, Dan Mulhall.
Documents on Irish Foreign Policy project
Learn more about the history of the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade and our collaboration with the Royal Irish Academy's Documents on Irish Foreign Policy project