- Normal precautions
- High degree of caution
- Avoid non-essential travel
- Do not travel
- Safety and Security
- Local Laws and Customs
- Natural Disasters and Climate
- Additional Information
- Embassy Contact
Avoid non-essential travel
Latest Travel Alert
Citizens planning travel abroad should take into account the ongoing risk of testing positive for COVID-19 while abroad and are advised to take out comprehensive travel insurance that includes COVID-19 cover. Before departure and during travel, citizens are advised to monitor our Travel Advice, follow us on Twitter, and register with their nearest Irish Embassy or Consulate.
When it becomes possible to visit North Korea again, you should take precautions and monitor local media for updates. If you are planning onward travel to China, please make sure to check the travel advice for China, which is available here.
General Travel Advice
Beginning in early 2018, tensions caused by the nuclear and missile tests carried out by North Korea in 2017 eased considerably and the Korean peninsula entered a period of relative calm. However, since July 2019 a number of missiles tests have been carried out by North Korea, underscoring the underlying unpredictability of the situation. The Embassy in Seoul is monitoring the situation and advises Irish citizens in Korea to be aware of and follow developments and to ensure that you are registered with the Embassy.
The political leadership in North Korea is the object of intense, organised reverence and lack of courtesy or perceived insults to, or jokes about, the North Korean political system and its leadership are severely frowned upon. Avoid taking photographs of soldiers and officials or guarded or protected buildings. Reserved behaviour in public is the norm.
Even before the closure of North Korea’s borders, it was not possible to travel directly between South Korea and North Korea.
Because there is no Irish Embassy or Consulate in North Korea, we’re limited in the help we can offer you in an emergency. However, if you need assistance, you can contact the Irish Embassy in Seoul.
We suggest you learn as much as you can about North Korea before your trip from travel agents, tour operators and guide books. The best help is often close at hand so if you have problems when you’re in North Korea, try talking to your local contacts, tour operator representative or hotel management.
Safety and Security
Safety and Security
Safety and security
Since the end of World War II, the Korean peninsula has been partitioned. At the end of the Korean War in 1953, this partition was enforced when a 4km-wide de-militarised zone (DMZ) was created to separate North and South Korea. Peace has been maintained under an Armistice Agreement, however tensions rise and fall from time to time, and there have been infrequent military incidents, particularly along the DMZ border and maritime boundaries.
We recommend that you always stay in permitted areas and obey immediately any instructions from North Korean officials.
Foreign nationals have been arrested and detained in North Korea for activity which may not be deemed an offence in other countries.
North Korea carried out underground nuclear tests in 2006, 2009, 2013 and 2016. They lead to an increase in political and military tension on the peninsula. There has been no evidence of radiation fall-out from these tests.
The threat from terrorism in North Korea is low but there is always the risk of indiscriminate terrorist attacks anywhere in the world.
Levels of crime against foreigners in North Korea are low and highly supervised group travel keeps visitors safe from crime. However, you should take sensible precautions:
- Don’t carry your credit card, travel tickets and money together - leave spare cash and valuables in a safe place.
- Don’t carry your passport unless absolutely necessary and leave a copy of your passport (and travel and insurance documents) with family or friends at home.
We’ve seen examples of scams involving ‘property deals’ in North Korea. This should immediately arouse suspicion as it’s virtually impossible for foreigners to own property in the country.
Other risks include being detained at international airports for currency violations; being held against your will; being involved in a road accident (frequently in or around the airport); needing unexpected legal or court fee payments; or hospitalisation.
The normal advice applies: common sense and no transfer of funds to strangers. If in doubt, refer the person to the nearest relevant Embassy or consular office.
If you’re a victim of a crime while in North Korea, report it to the local police immediately. And you can contact us at the Irish Embassy in Seoul if you need help.
Infrastructure in North Korea is poor and dilapidated, which makes long distance travel challenging. If you’re planning on driving in North Korea, you’ll need a local licence, obtained by passing a local driving test. International driving licences are not valid in North Korea
A limited number of taxis are sometimes available from hotels or outside department stores. However, they’re often reluctant to take you without a local guide/interpreter.
Local Laws and Customs
Local Laws and Customs
Local laws and customs
Remember, the local laws apply to you as a visitor and it is your responsibility to follow them. Be sensitive to local customs, traditions and practices as your behaviour may be seen as improper, hostile or may even be illegal.
Reserved behaviour in public is the norm. Public displays of affection are not customary in Korean culture.
Avoid bringing religious books or any material that could be considered to be “anti-North Korean”.
While there are no laws expressly prohibiting same-sex relationships in North Korea, homosexuality is not openly discussed and would not be considered acceptable by the authorities.
Travel within North Korea is severely restricted. Carry identification papers at all times. Visitors will almost always be accompanied by a guide and will only be allowed to go to locations where the guide gives approval. For travel outside Pyongyang, it’s your guide's responsibility to get the necessary permissions. Military checkpoints at the entry and exit to provinces, counties and towns usually require proof of identity before allowing travel onward.
Foreigners who live in Pyongyang are usually able to travel freely within designated parts of the city, but permission is needed for travel outside of Pyongyang.
It is currently not possible to travel direct to South Korea from North Korea
Illegal drug use (no matter what the drug) carries stiff penalties, including fines and long prison terms.
Restrictions on the use of cameras has eased somewhat, though we recommend always ensuring the guide’s permission before taking a photograph. Avoid taking photographs of officials or guarded or protected buildings.
Natural Disasters and Climate
Natural Disasters and Climate
Natural disasters and climate
Due to widespread deforestation and following heavy rains and/or typhoons, North Korea can be very seriously affected by flooding and it’s not uncommon for fatalities to be reported along with damage to housing, infrastructure and crops. Responses and coping mechanisms to flooding are limited.
Entry requirements (visa/passport)
Few Irish nationals visit North Korea and those who do are usually part of an organised tour. Solo travellers need a sponsor and permission from the Ministry for Foreign Affairs. This is normally only possible for business travellers, government officials and NGOs. For more information about entry requirements for North Korea contact the Embassy of North Korea in London. You can also check with them how long your passport must be valid for.
It is advisable to take a number of photocopies of your passport with you. During your stay you should carry a photocopy of your passport at all times.
Check with your doctor well in advance of travelling to see if you need any vaccinations for North Korea. Be aware that medical care is extremely limited.
Spoken English is confined to official guides and senior government officials.
Visitors are generally not allowed to carry mobile phone and you’ll likely have to surrender your phone on entry to North Korea. It will be returned to you when you leave the country. Devices with GPS capabilities may also be held.
You can generally place calls, at a charge, from hotels to numbers outside North Korea, except numbers in South Korea.
Local currency is the North Korean Won but you’ll need hard currency such as euro, dollars to make payments in country.
We do not have an Embassy in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, please contact Embassy of Ireland Republic of Korea Embassy at (822) 721-7200 where you will be given a separate number to call. This will put you in touch directly with an Embassy official.
If necessary, you can also make direct contact with the Consular Assistance Unit at the Department of Foreign Affairs in Dublin on +353 1 408 2000.
Embassy of Ireland
Leema Bldg. 13F
42, Jongro 1-gil
Tel: +82 2 721 7200
Fax: +82 2 774 6458
Monday to Friday 09:00-12:30 and 13:30-17:00
Get travel and medical insurance
Before travelling, the Department strongly recommends that you obtain comprehensive travel insurance which will cover all overseas medical costs, including medical repatriation/evacuation, repatriation of remains and legal costs. You should check any exclusions and, in particular, that your policy covers you for the activities you want to undertake.