Get travel and medical insurance
- Normal precautions
- High degree of caution
- Avoid non-essential travel
- Do not travel
- Safety and Security
- Local Laws and Customs
- Embassy Contact
General COVID-19 Travel Advisory in Operation
High Degree of Caution
Latest Travel Alert
Anyone considering travel should be aware that restrictions are subject to change at short notice, and all passengers should undertake proper research and carefully consider the necessity of their travel at this time. Citizens should be aware of the possible limitations to any consular assistance that could be provided. It is also important to check with your travel insurance provider on coverage before travel.
If considering travelling abroad, you are advised to monitor the official advice and information provided by the authorities at your destination. Additional restrictions may be imposed by the country of your destination, including during your visit.
Travel to Italy
Anyone considering travel to Italy should check the latest information from the local authorities regarding requirements for international passengers arriving in the country. Information about restrictions on passengers entering Italy is available here.
Entrants to Italy from EU member states are required to produce all three of the following:
- Passenger Locator Form: EU Digital Passenger Locator Form.
- Covid-19 ‘green pass’ or EU Digital Covid Certificate based on vaccination or recovery.
- A negative antigen test (taken within 24 hours prior to arrival) or PCR test (taken within 48 hours prior to arrival)
Anyone unable to produce valid certification under point 2 must observe 5 days of isolation at the address on their passenger locator form.
NB: From 1st February 2022, the EU Digital Covid Certificate will be valid for 9 months from the most recent date of vaccination for entry to Italy. When in Italy, it will only be valid for 6 months from the most recent date of vaccination for access to shops, restaurants, leisure facilities and other services. Please read below for more details.
The requirement to test applies to all travellers over the age of 6, with certain limited exceptions for special categories including those in transit and cross-border workers.
All passengers travelling to Italy from any foreign location are required to fill out the EU Digital Passenger Locator Form. All those travelling to Italy should take this survey to establish what rules apply to their individual situation and check Re-open EU (europa.eu).
Before embarking on a trip to Italy, make sure that your Region of destination has no further measures in place. For additional information, some useful regional contacts are available.
Public Health Requirements in place upon arrival in Italy
Restrictions are in place throughout Italy, and you are advised to follow the guidance of national and local authorities. You are strongly advised to consult information on regional classifications, or regional COVID zones, on the Ministry of Health website (in English).
Public spaces and services
The following COVID-19 restrictions should be followed:
- Mandatory wearing of facemasks outdoors nationwide.
- Mandatory requirement to wear specifically FFP2 masks (which filter 95% of particles) and NOT surgical or cloth masks, for any public activity indoors or outdoors (including cinema, theatre, concerts, nightclubs, sporting events). In addition, consumption of food or beverages at any indoor events is banned.
- FFP2 masks also now required on all public transport.
- Nightclubs, dance halls, mixed venues are closed until 31st January; events, parties, concerts which would bring large groups together in open spaces are banned.
- Social distancing of one metre must be observed and gatherings should be avoided.
You must comply with the local travel regulations of the region you are visiting - regional and local authorities in Italy are empowered to adjust these measures where required, which may occur at short notice.
Green Pass and Super Green Pass
The Green Pass in Italy (EU-DCC)
A “Green Pass” (website only in Italian), also known as an EU digital COVID certificate, certifies vaccination, recovery or negative test result. All travellers aged 12 and above must present a Green Pass or Super Green Pass to board an international flight from Italy.
All arrivals to Italy whose most recent vaccination was more than six months ago are required to do Rapid COVID-19 tests (available in local pharmacies and test centres, please note in some areas, long queues can be expected at testing locations) to obtain a basic Green Pass, which will be valid for 48 hours. The test provider will print your test results and will email you a unique code. You will then need to access the Government website (in Italian) and enter your details. Select the option ‘Utente senza tessera sanitaria’ (‘User without a health card’). You will be prompted to enter the type and number of the ID you showed when you got your test, as well as the code on your test certificate. Click ‘Ricupera certificazione’ (‘Get certificate’) to download your digital test result. You should note that even with a basic Green Pass your movements will be very restricted. Anyone falsifying a certificate is liable to face a fine of up to €3000 or a prison sentence.
Children under the age of 12 are exempt from presenting a green pass. Minors aged 12-17 (who are not fully vaccinated) will need to test every 48 hours to obtain a green pass in order to access local services and venues.
Super Green Pass
A Super Green Pass is an EU-DCC with proof of full vaccination or an EU-DCC with proof of recovery. As of February 1st 2022, the validity of this document is 6 months from the date of last vaccination. If your second vaccine dose was administered more than 6 months ago, and you have not received an updated digital Covid-19 certificate that reflects your booster dose, Italy will consider your vaccination to no longer be valid for domestic activities.
NB: Italy does not accept the HSE Card as proof of an additional or booster dose.
Arrivals aged 12 and over, including minors aged 12-17, will not be able to obtain a Super Green Pass on the basis of a negative test. Children under the age of 12 are exemptfrom presenting a Super Green Pass.
Until 31 March 2022 a Super Green Pass is required to access restaurants, bars, hotels, all local and regional transport services (excluding taxis and international flights) as well as museums, cultural centres, sports facilities and stadiums. A super Green Pass is also needed to access outdoor facilities such as restaurants, swimming pools, wellness centres, ski lifts and to participate in celebrations following civil and religious ceremonies.
Further information can be found at the following links:
You can contact the emergency services in Italy by dialling 112. Specific emergency numbers are:
Ambulance Service: 118
Safety and Security
Safety and Security
Safety and security
The political situation in Italy is stable but public demonstrations can occur frequently, especially in the centres of major cities where tourists are likely to find themselves. They are usually well organised and rarely, if ever, turn violent. However, you should avoid them and exercise common sense if in the vicinity of large public gatherings.
Always keep yourself informed of what’s going on around you by monitoring local media and staying in contact with your hotel or tour organiser.
Although the threat from terrorism in Italy is low, there is still a global risk of indiscriminate terrorist attacks, which could be against civilian targets, including places frequented by tourists and expatriates.
Attacks could be indiscriminate, including in places frequented by foreigners. Currently the Italian Government has assessed the level of the threat of a terrorist attack in Italy as “medium/high” (level 2). Visitors to Italy, especially in the larger cities such as Rome and Milan, may see an increased police presence and security checks. This should not impact tourists particularly but you should exercise ordinary caution and follow the security advice of the local authorities.
Crime remains relatively low in Italy but you should take sensible precautions:
- Incidents of tourists’ vehicles being broken into and the vehicle’s contents being stolen have increased in recent months. Irish citizens are advised not to leave any valuables, including their passports, in vehicles that are unattended.
- Don’t carry your credit card, travel tickets and money together - leave spare cash and valuables in a safe place.
- Don’t carry your passport unless absolutely necessary and leave a copy of your passport (and travel and insurance documents) with family or friends at home.
- Be aware that petty crime (pick pocketing, bag snatching etc.) is common, particularly on public transport and in tourist areas. Vigilance should be paid to personal belongings in train stations (particularly Termini Station in Rome), in the public areas of the airports, at all tourist sites and when using bus, metro or tram services, including when unloading baggage from coaches travelling to and from the airports. Personal safety
- We have been made aware of an increasing number of incidents recently where travellers have been drugged through substances being placed in drinks, and subsequently robbed of money, credit cards and mobile telephones. We recommend you exercise vigilance in bars, and be wary of drinks offered by strangers in night spots and areas where tourists congregate in the evenings.
Many parts of Italy lie on a major seismic fault line. Minor tremors and earthquakes are almost a daily occurrence.
Earthquakes measuring between 5 and 6 on the Richter scale hit the Emilia region of Italy in May 2012 and quakes and aftershocks continued over the following months. There was significant damage to popular tourist destinations including Modena, Mantova and other cities in Ferrara Province. Some buildings are still considered unsafe and there has been extensive damage to infrastructure.
Further information (in Italian) can be found on the following websites:
Visitors to Venice should note that parts of Venice are liable to flooding at certain times of year, especially in late autumn and early spring.
If you are visiting a ski resort you should take advice on weather and avalanche conditions before you travel and familiarise yourself with local skiing laws and regulations.
Local Laws and Customs
Local Laws and Customs
Local laws and customs
Remember, the local laws apply to you as a visitor and it is your responsibility to follow them. Be sensitive to local customs, traditions and practices as your behaviour may be seen as improper, hostile or even illegal.
Illegal drug use (no matter what the drug) carries stiff penalties, including fines and long prison terms.
Visitors to Italy should be aware that alcoholic spirits are usually sold in significantly larger measures in bars and restaurants than in Ireland.
Whilst Italians will normally drink wine with their meals, there’s a cultural taboo and intolerance regarding public intoxication and in particular anti-social behaviour as a result of excessive alcohol consumption.
In cities such as Florence and Venice, you should observe notices regarding public conduct. In certain areas, near churches and in some piazzas, eating and sitting on steps or monuments is forbidden. Churches and other places of worship, including St Peters’ Basilica, require visitors to dress modestly.
Tourists should be aware that bathing in fountains is prohibited at all times.
Getting married in Italy
All Irish citizens wishing to marry in Italy must obtain a nulla osta (a certificate of freedom to marry). More information on how to apply is available on our website in the Travel section.
If you’re planning to drive in Italy, you should exercise caution as traffic can be faster-paced than in Ireland and driving customs are different. In cities and towns, the widespread use of motorbikes and mopeds require drivers to be extra alert and cautious.
If you want to drive:
•Bring your full Irish or international driving licence and make sure you have adequate and appropriate insurance
•If you are driving and Irish registered car ensure that it is fully insured and carry your logbook, proof of insurance and NCT certificate (if appropriate)
•Be aware when turning right at junctions, even if there is a green signal, pedestrians crossing the road into which one is turning have precedence
•All drivers are required to wear a reflective vest and to use a reflective triangle warning sign if they need to stop at the roadside
•Dipped headlights must be used at all times when driving on the motorways (Autostrada) and major roads
Restricted Access to Italian city centres
Many Italian city centres operate restricted driving zones to which only cars with permits have access. Fines will be issued to all cars entering this zone without a permit. The boundaries of such restricted areas will be marked by signs stating “ZTL” (Zona Traffico Limitato / Limited Traffic Zone).
As signage can be limited, it may not always be clear if a restricted zone is in operation. In addition, car license plates are read electronically so you may not be aware that you have incurred a fine until you receive notification via post some months later.
Tourists are advised to seek local advice on whether restricted traffic zones are in operation, and to respect all regulations. If your hotel is in the centre of the city concerned, you may be able to obtain a temporary pass for that city; please contact your hotel for further details.
Fines for road traffic offences
Fines may be issued up to one year after the offence was committed and can be increased if they are not then paid within 60 days. The Italian Highway Code also makes provision for a number of “on the spot” fines. If you’re unable to pay, the fine will be sent to your home address and may be increased.
The authority responsible for the Italian motorway system provides useful information on its website in English.
Pedestrians should remember that traffic will be coming from the opposite direction to traffic in Ireland. They should pay particular heed to the additional danger at night when walking along roads without a proper pavement and when crossing roads even at a designated crossing place.
Most pedestrian crossings are not controlled by signals, but rather are similar to zebra-crossings in Ireland. However drivers, especially on motorbikes and mopeds, sometimes do not respect these, so particular care should be taken.
If you’re hiring a vehicle, we advise you not to hand over your passport as a form of security. If you’re allowing your passport to be photocopied, keep it in your sight at all times.
Check that you have adequate insurance and read the small print of the vehicle hire contract (particularly any waiver that will come into effect if the vehicle is damaged). You should also carry your rental contract at all times.
Taxis in Italy are licensed, with clearly marked signage. They run on a meter, and a list of supplementary charges (late hours, luggage etc) will be listed inside. Airports and seaports often attract unlicensed drivers posing as taxis, which should be avoided as they will generally overcharge tourists. We recommend that only official taxis be hired.
Please be aware that when you call for a taxi, the meter starts running the minute the taxi is dispatched to your location. So, for example, if the taxi dispatcher or recording tells you that “Taxi X” is arriving in 5 minutes, you should know that there will be 5 minutes’ worth of fare on the meter when it arrives.
For your safety, never get into a taxi when the driver is already accompanied or agree to the driver picking up another person.
Major cities also have a number of chauffeur companies, which often offer transfer from the airport to the centre and vice versa at competitive prices. Ask at your hotel for further details.
The local Roman authorities have set a flat fare of €30 for journeys to and from Ciampino airport and the centre of Rome (within the Aurelian Walls) and €48 for journeys to and from Fumincino airport and the centre of Rome (within the Aurelian Walls). Before travelling to Rome, check whether your hotel is located in area covered by this agreement. No further charges should be made for luggage, extra passengers etc.
Buses, trains, trams and the metro all require valid tickets. These must be purchased in advance and validated in a validating machine either in the station or on the bus/tram. Failure to have a valid (and validated) ticket will result in an on-the-spot fine of around €50 to €60 per person. Inspectors will make no exceptions for tourists.
Tickets can often be purchased in small cafés, especially those, which also sell cigarettes (look out for the blue T sign which signifies Tabaccheria (Tobacco shop).
Public Transport strikes occur relatively frequently in Italy, with reduced services or complete suspension. They are generally advertised in advance, and tourists should keep informed of possible strikes and how these may impact on their plans.
We can’t pay for emergency medical repatriation, repatriation of remains, or for expenses as a result of a personal emergency while you are abroad. If you buy an appropriate travel insurance policy, these costs will be covered, provided you haven’t broken the terms and conditions.
Buying comprehensive travel insurance can save you and your family a lot of money if something goes wrong. It will also ensure that you get the medical attention you need, when you need it. Hospital bills can quickly run into thousands of euro, and a medical evacuation back to Ireland can cost thousands more.
Not all policies are the same, and the cheapest one might be cheap for a reason. Make sure your policy covers all the activities you plan to do on your trip. Insurance Ireland recommend that you purchase a policy that provides a minimum medical cover of €1 million.
Your policy should cover:
- All medical care abroad, including evacuation by air ambulance, or other emergency procedures, and any other costs associated with an unexpected longer stay.
- Your entire trip, from departure to return. Consider an annual multi-trip policy if you’re making more than one trip in the year.
- 24-hour emergency service and assistance.
- Personal liability cover (in case you’re sued for causing injury or damaging property).
- Lost and stolen possessions.
- Cancellation and curtailment.
- Any extra activities you intend to do that are excluded from standard policies (e.g. water sport activities such as jet skiing or other extreme sports).
Exclusions: You should know most insurance policies will not cover drink or drug-related incidents.
European Health Insurance Card
As an Irish resident you are entitled to get healthcare through the public system in countries of the European Union (EU), European Economic Area (EEA) or Switzerland if you become ill or injured while on a temporary stay there. Ensure that you get or renew your EHIC (the new name for the E111) before you go, and remember, you need one for every person travelling in your group.
The EHIC is not a substitute for proper travel insurance provided by a reputable insurer. It doesn’t cover medical repatriation, ongoing medical treatment or treatment of a non-urgent nature. Also, some private hospitals may not accept the EHIC, so you should check with the hospital administrator beforehand.
Irish citizens will not need any vaccinations for Italy. If you fall ill whilst in Italy and require further advice on how to access healthcare, please contact the Embassy.
Cases of Chikungunya Fever, a viral infection carried by mosquitoes, have been reported in recent years around Ravenna in the Emilia-Romagna Region of eastern Italy. The clinical features include high fever, headache, myalgia and arthralgia, rash and occasionally, gastrointestinal symptoms.
Travellers are advised to take sensible precautions against mosquito bites. Further information on Chikungunya Fever can be found on the Health Protection Surveillance Centre website.
H1N1 (Swine Flu)
Cases of H1N1 (Swine Flu) have been reported in Italy. The Ministry of Health has created a website which provides information and advice on the H1N1 virus. You can also contact the public information hotline on 1500, Monday to Friday from 8am to 6pm.
The Embassy operates a weekend out-of-hours service for Irish citizens requiring emergency assistance.
If you are in need of emergency assistance, please ring the Embassy at (+39) 06 5852 381 and leave a message on the answering machine.
Embassy of Ireland
Via Giacomo Medici
Monday – Friday 9:15am to 1:00pm & 2:15pm to 5:30pm
Attendance at the Embassy’s public office is currently by appointment only. If you need to attend the Embassy’s public office, please click “Email us” below in order to make an appointment.
Honorary Consulate Contact
Ms. Antonietta Marsaglia
Honorary Consul General of Ireland
Piazza S. Pietro in Gessate 2
Email: Email us
Get travel and medical insurance
Before travelling, the Department strongly recommends that you obtain comprehensive travel insurance which will cover all overseas medical costs, including medical repatriation/evacuation, repatriation of remains and legal costs. You should check any exclusions and, in particular, that your policy covers you for the activities you want to undertake.