Get travel and medical insurance
- Normal precautions
- High degree of caution
- Avoid non-essential travel
- Do not travel
- Safety and Security
- Local Laws and Customs
- Embassy Contact
General COVID-19 Travel Advisory in Operation
General advice is to avoid non-essential travel, other than to countries on the ‘Green List’ where the advice is to take normal precautions:
In accordance with Government policy, which is based on official public health advice, the Department of Foreign Affairs continues to advise against non-essential travel overseas (including to Great Britain but not to Northern Ireland), other than to countries on the ‘green list’ where the ‘normal precautions’ security status rating will apply. The request to restrict their movements does not apply to individuals arriving into Ireland from countries on the ‘green list.’
On 15 September, the Government agreed that, for the period ahead, this ‘green list’ will be updated on a weekly basis, to include EU / EEA countries with a 14 day cumulative number of COVID-19 cases per 100,000 of 25 or less, based on the latest data from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). Updates will be made on the basis of data each Thursday, with changes taking effect from the following Monday.
The updated ‘green’ (normal precautions) list outlined below is based on ECDC data on Thursday 17 September, and will take effect from Monday 21 September. Until then, the earlier list continues to apply.
‘Green’ (Normal Precautions) List to take effect from Monday 21 September
‘Green’ (Normal Precautions) List below remains in effect until midnight on Sunday 20 September
- Hungary *
*Citizens considering travel to these locations should note the information below regarding restrictions on entry. These jurisdictions currently have quarantine requirements or other restrictions for arrivals from other jurisdictions, including Ireland.
Potential for restrictions on entering these locations:
Inclusion on the list does not imply the absence of any restrictions on arrivals in those locations. Citizens should be aware that countries continue to announce new restrictions on arrivals from abroad, including the requirement to quarantine on entry. This can include restrictions on arrivals from Ireland. The situation will continue to evolve quickly. Citizens who are considering travel to particular locations are advised to monitor news and information from the public authorities in their destination.
The latest updates will always be uploaded first to this General COVID-19 Travel Advisory. Country-specific tabs will be updated subsequently, and as quickly as possible, but this advisory is the primary source of information for the latest version of the list.
If you are considering travelling outside of Ireland:
Irish citizens travelling to locations with a ‘normal precautions’ (“green”) rating are advised to follow the public health guidelines of the local health authorities and to continue to practice physical distancing measures, hand hygiene and respiratory etiquette etc. Citizens who are considering travel to these locations are also advised to monitor news and information from the public authorities in their chosen destination. This includes information regarding possible restrictions on arrival from abroad, including from Ireland. The security rating for all other locations remains unchanged at either to ‘avoid non-essential travel’ (“orange”) or to ‘do not travel’ (“red”).
The purpose of the Department’s Travel Advice is to provide information to the general public so that individuals can make informed decisions for themselves. The COVID19 pandemic continues to accelerate internationally, and there are significant risks associated with international travel. Citizens should be aware of the possible limitations to any consular assistance that could be provided. Any citizens who are considering travel abroad are advised to monitor closely our travel advice, and to download our TravelWise App and follow us on Twitter. Citizens travelling abroad should also register with their local Irish Embassy or Consulate and regularly check their website and Twitter accounts for details of any local public health measures and travel restrictions.
Should you need to travel, you should inform yourself about any requirements in place in the destination to which you are travelling. Flight restrictions and route cancellations continue to occur worldwide and there is no guarantee that air routes will operate as scheduled. Testing and restrictions may be imposed or may already be in place in other countries. It is important to check with your insurance provider on coverage at this time.
What to do on entering Ireland from abroad:
The Irish Authorities advise anyone entering Ireland, other than those arriving from Northern Ireland or locations with a security rating of ‘normal precautions’ (“green”), to restrict their movements for 14 days. This includes citizens and residents returning to Ireland. Restricting your movements means staying indoors in one location and avoiding contact with other people and social situations as much as possible.
All passengers arriving into Ireland from overseas are obliged to complete a mandatory COVID-19 Passenger Locator Form before arriving in Ireland. This is now an online form. Paper versions of the form are also available at points of entry into Ireland, if required. Failure to complete the form is an offence. For further details please see the Irish Government Advice Page. Exemptions are also in place for providers of essential supply chain services such as hauliers, pilots and maritime staff.
Check the Irish Government Advice Page for full information on these requirements and further advice on returning from abroad.
Where to go for more information:
We continue to make updates to our online travel advice for over 200 countries and recommend that you download our TravelWise App and follow us on Twitter. If abroad you should register with your local Irish Embassy or Consulate and regularly check their website and Twitter accounts for details of any local public health measures and travel restrictions.
Avoid non-essential travel
Security Status Last Updated: 17 September 2020 to take effect from 00.00 on 21 September 2020
Latest Travel Alert
On the 9th of March, the Italian government declared the whole of Italy to be in isolation as a result of the increased spread of Coronavirus in the country. Until further notice, and while the isolation measures are in effect, we advise that all non-essential travel to Italy be avoided.
Phase 3 of Italy’s response to the coronavirus pandemic began on 03 June, with some changes to the restrictions in place in Italy, as follows:
- People travelling to Italy from:
- EU member states (except Bulgaria, Romania, Greece, Croatia, Malta and Spain);
- States that form part of the Schengen area;
- The United Kingdom;
- San Marino;
- Vatican City State
can all enter Italy without having to quarantine unless they have recently stayed in a country other than one of these. For more information, please click here.
- In accordance with new measures introduced on 12 August 2020, those entering Italy from Greece, Croatia, Malta and/or Spain (including those who transit through those countries – although this does not refer to people who transit in an airport and who remain airside) must provide proof that they have undergone a molecular or antigenic test (swab) in the 72 hours prior to entering Italy and that the result was negative. Alternatively, people can undergo a swab test upon arrival in Italy at their point of entry (airport or port for example) or within 48 hours of said entry. Anyone who has travelled to or transited through these four countries must inform Italian health authorities. More information on this is to be found here;
- Those entering Italy from Bulgaria and Romania must self-isolate for 14 days and fill in a self-declaration form;
- People travelling from New Zealand, Australia, Canada, Georgia, Japan, Rwanda, South Korea, Thailand and Uruguay must self-isolate for 14 days upon arrival in Italy and fill in a self-declaration form;
- People travelling from countries other than those mentioned above must have a justification to enter Italy (e.g. an emergency, a healthcare issue, a work reason, travel home) and must quarantine for 14 days upon arrival. They must also inform their local health authority of where they will be quarantining and fill out this self-declaration form before travel;
- Travel between Italian Regions is now permitted, however, individual Regions can impose certain conditions on entry should they wish;
- Parks and villas can be opened to the public at the discretion of the responsible municipal authority; a distance between people of one metre or more must be maintained at all times;
- Whilst exercising, a distance of two metres must be maintained between people;
- Most retail and trade activities are now permitted (including cafés, bars, pubs, restaurants, ice-cream shops, patisseries and other catering services) although there are still some restrictions on opening hours and Personal Protective Equipment (e.g. facemasks and gloves) must be worn by staff and customers and social distancing rules must be followed. However, nightclubs are closed and dancing at other venues (indoor or outdoor) is prohibited.
- Facemasks must be worn between 18:00 and 06:00 in public spaces where it is not possible to maintain the recommended social distancing rules.
In addition to the above, public transport within regions is now operating in line with the guidelines issued by that region. National government authorities may restrict public transport between regions but a minimum essential service is still guaranteed.
A number of airports are open and others are expected to re-open in the period ahead. Tourists returning home are permitted to travel to airports and to leave the country.
Guidelines to be observed in relation to transport
The Italian authorities have also issued guidelines in relation to all public transport including planes, trains and buses:
- Measures will be put in place to separate flows of people moving in airports, train stations and ports;
- Everyone is obliged to wear a face mask;
- Everyone is be obliged to stay at least one metre away from other people;
- Disinfectant dispensers will be installed in these public transport areas and buildings – please use them;
- Temperature scanners will be installed at arrival and departure areas of airports;
- Temperature scanners will also be in use at train stations;
- Entrance to and exit from buses will be by different doors;
- Certain seats will not be available for use on all modes of transport;
- Bar and restaurant services on board trains are suspended;
- In taxis and car rentals that include a driver (NCCs), up to two passengers are allowed in the vehicle but they must sit in the back seat. Facemasks must be worn by passengers and drivers at all times. If a taxi has two rows of back seats, up to two people per row are allowed;
- As refers to private cars, members of the same family who are living together can travel in the same car without restrictions. Otherwise, the seat near the driver must be left empty and face masks are mandatory.
The elderly, and those with pre-existing medical conditions, have been advised by the Italian government to remain indoors.
Be alert to common signs of infection: respiratory problems, fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. Seek medical advice if you experience these symptoms.
HSE medical advice to protect yourself from getting COVID-19 is below.
• wash your hands properly and regularly with soap and water or an alcohol-based hand rub
• cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or your sleeve when you cough and sneeze
• put used tissues into a bin and wash your hands
• touch your eyes, nose or mouth if your hands are not clean
Additional information on COVID-19 can be found via the following links:
You are also advised to keep yourself informed by returning to this webpage, visiting www.salute.gov.it, contacting your travel provider, your accommodation provider and the Italian local authorities.
Irish citizens who are in Italy, or who intend to travel to Italy in the near future, and have concerns about the Coronavirus, can ring the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade dedicated phone line on +353 (0)1 613 1733. Health related information is available here: www.hpsc.ie and here: www.ecdc.europa.eu.
The following advice has been issued by the National Public Health Emergency Team in Ireland:
• Anyone who has been to Italy in the last 14 days AND is experiencing symptoms should self-isolate and call their GP.
• Anyone who has been in close contact with a confirmed case of COVID-19 in the last 14 days AND is experiencing symptoms should self-isolate without delay and call their GP.
• Anyone who has been to Italy in the last 14 days and is well should restrict their movements for 14 days after arrival. Visit www.hse.ie for advice regarding restriction of movements.
"The most important action we can take to protect ourselves from Covid-19 is regular hand-washing and good respiratory hygiene.”
You are advised to monitor developments regularly. Further information (including in English) is available at www.salute.gov.it/nuovocoronavirus.
Check with your doctor well in advance of travelling to see if you need any vaccinations for Italy.
Italian authorities have suspended the operation of all Italian cruise ships until at least 3 April. The Italian authorities have restricted all cruise ships from docking in Italian ports no matter what the flag of the ship, Italian or otherwise. There is one exception to the foregoing - Italian cruise ships that are currently at sea will be allowed to disembark passengers at Italian ports once all health and safety and preventative measures have been adopted aboard the ship.
Given recent terrorist attacks in European cities, Irish citizens are advised to follow the advice of police and local authorities and to exercise increased vigilance, especially if attending large public gatherings or other crowded locations. Attacks could occur at any time and could target tourist attractions, restaurants, transport hubs or other public areas.
Tourists should be aware that bathing in fountains is prohibited at all times.
The best help is often close at hand so if you have problems, try talking to your local contacts, tour operator representative or hotel management.
You can contact the emergency services in Italy by dialling 112. Specific emergency numbers are:
Ambulance Service: 118
Our tips for Safe Travels:
- Purchase comprehensive travel insurance which covers all your intended activities.
- Get a European Health Insurance Card
- Add an alert for your destination within the Travelwise App.
- Register your details with us so that we can contact you quickly if there’s an unforeseen crisis like a natural disaster or a family emergency.
- Follow us on twitter @dfatravelwise for the latest travel updates.
- Read our ‘Know Before You Go’ guide.
Safety and Security
Safety and Security
Safety and security
The political situation in Italy is stable but public demonstrations can occur frequently, especially in the centres of major cities where tourists are likely to find themselves. They are usually well organised and rarely, if ever, turn violent. However, you should avoid them and exercise common sense if in the vicinity of large public gatherings.
Always keep yourself informed of what’s going on around you by monitoring local media and staying in contact with your hotel or tour organiser.
Although the threat from terrorism in Italy is low, there is still a global risk of indiscriminate terrorist attacks, which could be against civilian targets, including places frequented by tourists and expatriates.
Attacks could be indiscriminate, including in places frequented by foreigners. Currently the Italian Government has assessed the level of the threat of a terrorist attack in Italy as “medium/high” (level 2). Visitors to Italy, especially in the larger cities such as Rome and Milan, may see an increased police presence and security checks. This should not impact tourists particularly but you should exercise ordinary caution and follow the security advice of the local authorities.
Crime remains relatively low in Italy but you should take sensible precautions:
- Incidents of tourists’ vehicles being broken into and the vehicle’s contents being stolen have increased in recent months. Irish citizens are advised not to leave any valuables, including their passports, in vehicles that are unattended.
- Don’t carry your credit card, travel tickets and money together - leave spare cash and valuables in a safe place.
- Don’t carry your passport unless absolutely necessary and leave a copy of your passport (and travel and insurance documents) with family or friends at home.
- Be aware that petty crime (pick pocketing, bag snatching etc.) is common, particularly on public transport and in tourist areas. Vigilance should be paid to personal belongings in train stations (particularly Termini Station in Rome), in the public areas of the airports, at all tourist sites and when using bus, metro or tram services, including when unloading baggage from coaches travelling to and from the airports. Personal safety
- We have been made aware of an increasing number of incidents recently where travellers have been drugged through substances being placed in drinks, and subsequently robbed of money, credit cards and mobile telephones. We recommend you exercise vigilance in bars, and be wary of drinks offered by strangers in night spots and areas where tourists congregate in the evenings.
Many parts of Italy lie on a major seismic fault line. Minor tremors and earthquakes are almost a daily occurrence.
Earthquakes measuring between 5 and 6 on the Richter scale hit the Emilia region of Italy in May 2012 and quakes and aftershocks continued over the following months. There was significant damage to popular tourist destinations including Modena, Mantova and other cities in Ferrara Province. Some buildings are still considered unsafe and there has been extensive damage to infrastructure.
Further information (in Italian) can be found on the following websites:
Visitors to Venice should note that parts of Venice are liable to flooding at certain times of year, especially in late autumn and early spring.
If you are visiting a ski resort you should take advice on weather and avalanche conditions before you travel and familiarise yourself with local skiing laws and regulations.
Local Laws and Customs
Local Laws and Customs
Local laws and customs
Remember, the local laws apply to you as a visitor and it is your responsibility to follow them. Be sensitive to local customs, traditions and practices as your behaviour may be seen as improper, hostile or even illegal.
Illegal drug use (no matter what the drug) carries stiff penalties, including fines and long prison terms.
Visitors to Italy should be aware that alcoholic spirits are usually sold in significantly larger measures in bars and restaurants than in Ireland.
Whilst Italians will normally drink wine with their meals, there’s a cultural taboo and intolerance regarding public intoxication and in particular anti-social behaviour as a result of excessive alcohol consumption.
In cities such as Florence and Venice, you should observe notices regarding public conduct. In certain areas, near churches and in some piazzas, eating and sitting on steps or monuments is forbidden. Churches and other places of worship, including St Peters’ Basilica, require visitors to dress modestly.
Getting married in Italy
All Irish citizens wishing to marry in Italy must obtain a nulla osta (a certificate of freedom to marry). More information on how to apply is available on our website in the Travel section.
If you’re planning to drive in Italy, you should exercise caution as traffic can be faster-paced than in Ireland and driving customs are different. In cities and towns, the widespread use of motorbikes and mopeds require drivers to be extra alert and cautious.
If you want to drive:
•Bring your full Irish or international driving licence and make sure you have adequate and appropriate insurance
•If you are driving and Irish registered car ensure that it is fully insured and carry your logbook, proof of insurance and NCT certificate (if appropriate)
•Be aware when turning right at junctions, even if there is a green signal, pedestrians crossing the road into which one is turning have precedence
•All drivers are required to wear a reflective vest and to use a reflective triangle warning sign if they need to stop at the roadside
•Dipped headlights must be used at all times when driving on the motorways (Autostrada) and major roads
Restricted Access to Italian city centres
Many Italian city centres operate restricted driving zones to which only cars with permits have access. Fines will be issued to all cars entering this zone without a permit. The boundaries of such restricted areas will be marked by signs stating “ZTL” (Zona Traffico Limitato / Limited Traffic Zone).
As signage can be limited, it may not always be clear if a restricted zone is in operation. In addition, car license plates are read electronically so you may not be aware that you have incurred a fine until you receive notification via post some months later.
Tourists are advised to seek local advice on whether restricted traffic zones are in operation, and to respect all regulations. If your hotel is in the centre of the city concerned, you may be able to obtain a temporary pass for that city; please contact your hotel for further details.
Fines for road traffic offences
Fines may be issued up to one year after the offence was committed and can be increased if they are not then paid within 60 days. The Italian Highway Code also makes provision for a number of “on the spot” fines. If you’re unable to pay, the fine will be sent to your home address and may be increased.
The authority responsible for the Italian motorway system provides useful information on its website in English.
Pedestrians should remember that traffic will be coming from the opposite direction to traffic in Ireland. They should pay particular heed to the additional danger at night when walking along roads without a proper pavement and when crossing roads even at a designated crossing place.
Most pedestrian crossings are not controlled by signals, but rather are similar to zebra-crossings in Ireland. However drivers, especially on motorbikes and mopeds, sometimes do not respect these, so particular care should be taken.
If you’re hiring a vehicle, we advise you not to hand over your passport as a form of security. If you’re allowing your passport to be photocopied, keep it in your sight at all times.
Check that you have adequate insurance and read the small print of the vehicle hire contract (particularly any waiver that will come into effect if the vehicle is damaged). You should also carry your rental contract at all times.
Taxis in Italy are licensed, with clearly marked signage. They run on a meter, and a list of supplementary charges (late hours, luggage etc) will be listed inside. Airports and seaports often attract unlicensed drivers posing as taxis, which should be avoided as they will generally overcharge tourists. We recommend that only official taxis be hired.
Please be aware that when you call for a taxi, the meter starts running the minute the taxi is dispatched to your location. So, for example, if the taxi dispatcher or recording tells you that “Taxi X” is arriving in 5 minutes, you should know that there will be 5 minutes’ worth of fare on the meter when it arrives.
For your safety, never get into a taxi when the driver is already accompanied or agree to the driver picking up another person.
Major cities also have a number of chauffeur companies, which often offer transfer from the airport to the centre and vice versa at competitive prices. Ask at your hotel for further details.
The local Roman authorities have set a flat fare of €30 for journeys to and from Ciampino airport and the centre of Rome (within the Aurelian Walls) and €48 for journeys to and from Fumincino airport and the centre of Rome (within the Aurelian Walls). Before travelling to Rome, check whether your hotel is located in area covered by this agreement. No further charges should be made for luggage, extra passengers etc.
Buses, trains, trams and the metro all require valid tickets. These must be purchased in advance and validated in a validating machine either in the station or on the bus/tram. Failure to have a valid (and validated) ticket will result in an on-the-spot fine of around €50 to €60 per person. Inspectors will make no exceptions for tourists.
Tickets can often be purchased in small cafés, especially those, which also sell cigarettes (look out for the blue T sign which signifies Tabaccheria (Tobacco shop).
Public Transport strikes occur relatively frequently in Italy, with reduced services or complete suspension. They are generally advertised in advance, and tourists should keep informed of possible strikes and how these may impact on their plans.
We can’t pay for emergency medical repatriation, repatriation of remains, or for expenses as a result of a personal emergency while you are abroad. If you buy an appropriate travel insurance policy, these costs will be covered, provided you haven’t broken the terms and conditions.
Buying comprehensive travel insurance can save you and your family a lot of money if something goes wrong. It will also ensure that you get the medical attention you need, when you need it. Hospital bills can quickly run into thousands of euro, and a medical evacuation back to Ireland can cost thousands more.
Not all policies are the same, and the cheapest one might be cheap for a reason. Make sure your policy covers all the activities you plan to do on your trip. Insurance Ireland recommend that you purchase a policy that provides a minimum medical cover of €1 million.
Your policy should cover:
- All medical care abroad, including evacuation by air ambulance, or other emergency procedures, and any other costs associated with an unexpected longer stay.
- Your entire trip, from departure to return. Consider an annual multi-trip policy if you’re making more than one trip in the year.
- 24-hour emergency service and assistance.
- Personal liability cover (in case you’re sued for causing injury or damaging property).
- Lost and stolen possessions.
- Cancellation and curtailment.
- Any extra activities you intend to do that are excluded from standard policies (e.g. water sport activities such as jet skiing or other extreme sports).
Exclusions: You should know most insurance policies will not cover drink or drug-related incidents.
European Health Insurance Card
As an Irish resident you are entitled to get healthcare through the public system in countries of the European Union (EU), European Economic Area (EEA) or Switzerland if you become ill or injured while on a temporary stay there. Ensure that you get or renew your EHIC (the new name for the E111) before you go, and remember, you need one for every person travelling in your group.
The EHIC is not a substitute for proper travel insurance provided by a reputable insurer. It doesn’t cover medical repatriation, ongoing medical treatment or treatment of a non-urgent nature. Also, some private hospitals may not accept the EHIC, so you should check with the hospital administrator beforehand.
Irish citizens will not need any vaccinations for Italy. If you fall ill whilst in Italy and require further advice on how to access healthcare, please contact the Embassy.
Cases of Chikungunya Fever, a viral infection carried by mosquitoes, have been reported in recent years around Ravenna in the Emilia-Romagna Region of eastern Italy. The clinical features include high fever, headache, myalgia and arthralgia, rash and occasionally, gastrointestinal symptoms.
Travellers are advised to take sensible precautions against mosquito bites. Further information on Chikungunya Fever can be found on the Health Protection Surveillance Centre website.
H1N1 (Swine Flu)
Cases of H1N1 (Swine Flu) have been reported in Italy. The Ministry of Health has created a website which provides information and advice on the H1N1 virus. You can also contact the public information hotline on 1500, Monday to Friday from 8am to 6pm.
The Embassy operates a weekend out-of-hours service for Irish citizens requiring emergency assistance.
If you are in need of emergency assistance, please ring the Embassy at (+39) 06 5852 381 and leave a message on the answering machine.
Embassy of Ireland
Via Giacomo Medici
Monday – Friday 9:15am to 1:00pm & 2:15pm to 5:30pm
Honorary Consulate Contact
Ms. Antonietta Marsaglia
Honorary Consul General of Ireland
Piazza S. Pietro in Gessate 2
Email: Email us
Get travel and medical insurance
Before travelling, the Department strongly recommends that you obtain comprehensive travel insurance which will cover all overseas medical costs, including medical repatriation/evacuation, repatriation of remains and legal costs. You should check any exclusions and, in particular, that your policy covers you for the activities you want to undertake.