- Normal precautions
- High degree of caution
- Avoid non-essential travel
- Do not travel
- Safety and Security
- Local Laws and Customs
- Natural Disasters and Climate
- Additional Information
- Embassy Contact
High Degree of Caution
Travel to Kyrgyzstan
There are no COVID-19 restrictions in place for travel to Kyrgyzstan from Ireland. There is no requirement to present certificates of vaccination/testing for COVID-19.
However, entry requirements are subject to change at very short notice and travellers should exercise caution and seek a Kyrgyz government source for the most recent entry requirements.
General Travel Advice
We advise you to only use officially-recognised border crossings and to only travel in the border areas if absolutely necessary.
Skirmishes can occur along the disputed Kyrgyz-Tajik border. Previous incidents have involved both civilians and border guards and several have involved firearms. There are also occasional security incidents on the Kyrgyz/Uzbek and Kyrgyz/Kazakh borders. There’s a risk of further localised violence and border closures at any time.
The World Health Organisation recommends that travellers get vaccinated against measles at least 15 days prior to travel.
We suggest you learn as much as you can about Kyrgyzstan before your trip from travel agents, tour operators and guide books. The best help is often close at hand so if you have problems when you’re in Kyrgyzstan, try talking to your local contacts, tour operator representative or hotel management.
Kyrgyz local emergency service telephone numbers are:
101 for fire
102 for police
103 for ambulance
Safety and Security
Safety and Security
Safety and security
There are continuing political and ethnic tensions in Kyrgyzstan and demonstrations can occur from time. You should avoid all demonstrations or large public gatherings as they have the potential to turn violent.
Security has been increased in border areas. We advise you to only use officially-recognised border crossings and to only travel in the border areas if absolutely necessary.
Be extremely cautious if you’re travelling overland from Kyrgyzstan to Uzbekistan or Tajikistan. These borders are subject to closure without notice so always check in advance which officially recognised border crossings are open. There’s also a risk that uncontrolled Kyrgyz-Uzbek border areas may be land-mined.
Tensions exist over recognition of the Kyrgyz-Uzbek borders and a number of gunfire exchanges have been reported, most recently from the Jalal-Abad Oblast.
Keep yourself informed of what’s going on around you by monitoring local media and staying in contact with your hotel or tour organiser.
You should be aware of the continuing threat from terrorism, which Kyrgyzstan shares with other countries in Central Asia. There’s a history of terrorist activity and armed violence, particularly south and west of Osh, where there have been several terrorist attacks and hostage-takings in the past.
There is a risk that uncontrolled Kyrgyz-Uzbek border areas may be land-mined.
Mugging and theft regularly occur in both city and rural areas and foreigners are a particular target. You should take sensible precautions:
- Don’t carry your credit card, travel tickets and money together - leave spare cash and valuables in a safe place
- During your stay you should carry a notarised photocopy of your passport at all times.
- Be wary of any strangers offering assistance or being over-friendly
- There have been reports of thefts committed by uniformed police officers and gangs
Avoid travelling in unofficial taxis, particularly at night and alone, or if there’s another passenger already in the car. We don’t encourage the hiring of private hackney cabs instead of licensed taxicabs in Kyrgyzstan. In addition, taxis aren’t always metered and you should negotiate the fare in advance of entering the taxi.
Lost or stolen passports
If you lose your passport you must report this immediately to the police and get confirmation of the loss in writing. This report will be necessary when applying for an emergency passport from the Irish Embassy in Moscow.
The Embassy is able to accept applications for new passports, which may take between four and six weeks to be processed in Dublin, but is not able to issue new full passports in Moscow.
Passenger lists on aircraft aren’t always kept confidential. There have been cases of people being met by name from an aircraft and subsequently robbed. If you’re arriving at Manas International Airport, arrange your onward transportation from the airport in advance.
If you’re a victim of a crime while in Kyrgyzstan, report it to the local police immediately. And you can contact us at the Irish Embassy in Moscow if you need help.
If you’re planning to drive in Kyrgyzstan, you should be extremely careful. Many cars aren’t safe and the roads are poorly maintained with roadworks or damaged roads often not clearly signposted. If you want to drive:
- Bring your full Irish driver’s licence and your international driving permit and make sure you have adequate and appropriate insurance
- Driving under the influence of alcohol, however little consumed, is regarded as a serious offence in Kyrgyzstan
- Use main roads when travelling in or around Bishkek and avoid large crowds
- Service stations and petrol/water access can be limited outside the cities of Bishkek and Osh. Make sure you take all you need for your journey
- Avoid driving at night
- Be aware that roads outside the capital are often blocked by snow during the winter months and avalanches and landslides frequently block roads in the spring
Hiring a vehicle
If you’re hiring a vehicle, we advise you not to hand over your passport as a form of security. If you’re allowing your passport to be photocopied, keep it in your sight at all times.
Check that you have adequate insurance and read the small print of the vehicle hire contract (particularly any waiver that will come into effect if the vehicle is damaged).
It’s not known whether maintenance procedures on aircraft used on internal flights are always properly observed or whether passengers are covered by insurance. If possible, we advise you to fly directly to your destination on an international flight originating outside Eastern Europe and Central Asia, and avoid in-country and regional travel using domestic carriers. If you intend to travel to and from Kyrgyzstan, avoid flying on airlines listed under the EU operating ban.
We advise against using local buses and/or mini-buses as vehicles often lack seatbelts and are not well maintained. Theft on board is also a risk.
Local Laws and Customs
Local Laws and Customs
Local laws and customs
Always carry your passports or notarised copies. The police can arrest those found without a form of identification.
Under Kyrgyz law, anyone claiming to be a police officer must present their credentials on demand. Don’t get into cars with anyone you don’t know, even if the person seems to be a police officer.
Illegal drug use (no matter what the drug) carries stiff penalties, including fines and long prison terms.
Taking photos of anything that could be perceived as being of military or security interest may result in problems with the authorities.
Homosexuality was legalised in 1998. However, homosexuality is not often discussed or recognised publicly. Care and discretion should be exercised at all times.
Natural Disasters and Climate
Natural Disasters and Climate
Entry requirements (visa/passport)
Irish citizens don’t need a visa to enter Kyrgyzstan if they’re travelling in the country for up to 60 days.
It’s advisable to take a number of photocopies of your passport with you. During your stay you should carry a notarised photocopy of your passport at all times. You should ensure that you have entered your next of kin details into the back of your passport.
If you have questions about the entry requirements for Kyrgyzstan, including visa and other immigration information, ask your travel agent or contact the nearest Embassy or Consulate of Kyrgyzstan, which is in London. You can also check with them how long your passport must be valid for.
Check with your doctor well in advance of travelling to see if you need any vaccinations for Kyrgyzstan.
Tuberculosis is widespread throughout the country and there are regular outbreaks of Hepatitis A, meningitis and brucellosis. Cases of AIDS and malaria have also been registered.
Medical facilities are not as developed as those in Ireland. Medication easily available in Ireland may not be as easily available in Kyrgystan or may be restricted.
Kyrgyzstan is a cash-only economy. Very few places accept credit cards and travellers’ cheques. There are only a handful of ATM machines, and none in rural areas.
You should only change money at officially authorised currency exchanges. US dollars are the most widely accepted foreign currency; others may be difficult to exchange.
We do not have an Embassy in Kyrgyzstan, please contact Embassy of Ireland Russia.
The Embassy operates an out-of-hours service for Irish citizens requiring emergency assistance. If you are in need of emergency assistance, please ring the Embassy Duty Officer at +7 985 928 7615
Embassy of Ireland to the Russian Federation
Grokholski Perulok 5
Tel: +7 495 937 5911
Fax: +7 495 680 0623
Monday to Friday 09:30 - 13:00 and 14:30 - 17:30
Get travel and medical insurance
Before travelling, the Department strongly recommends that you obtain comprehensive travel insurance which will cover all overseas medical costs, including medical repatriation/evacuation, repatriation of remains and legal costs. You should check any exclusions and, in particular, that your policy covers you for the activities you want to undertake.