Get travel and medical insurance
Before travelling, the Department strongly recommends that you obtain comprehensive travel insurance which will cover all overseas medical costs, including medical repatriation/evacuation, repatriation of remains and legal costs. You should check any exclusions and, in particular, that your policy covers you for the activities you want to undertake.
- Safety and security
- Local laws and customs
- Natural disasters and climate
- Additional information
We advise you to take normal precautions.
Because there is no Irish Embassy or Consulate in Mongolia, we're limited in the help we can offer you in an emergency. However, if you need assistance, you can contact the Irish Embassy in Beijing at +86 10 85316200.
EU Directive on Consular Protection
Under the EU Consular Protection Directive, Irish nationals may seek assistance from the Embassy or Consulate of any other EU member state in a country where there is no Irish Embassy or permanent representation.
We suggest you learn as much as you can about Mongolia before your trip from travel agents, tour operators and guide books. The best help is often close at hand so if you have problems when you're in Mongolia, try talking to your local contacts, tour operator representative or hotel management.
You can contact the Mongolian emergency services by dialling the following numbers:
- Firefighting and rescue services: 101
- Police: 102
- Medical emergencies: 103
Our tips for safe travels
- Purchase comprehensive travel insurance which covers all your intended activities
- Add an alert for your destination within the Travelwise App.
- Register on our Citizens' Registration Portal so that we can contact you quickly in an emergency, such as a natural disaster or a family emergency
- Follow us on twitter @dfatravelwise for the latest travel updates
Read our Topical 'Know Before You Go' guide.
Safety and security
Safety and security
Violent crime does take place in Mongolia, even in daylight and on busy streets. Foreigners are increasingly the target of street crime, especially in Ulaanbaatar and other major cities and in tourist areas. Always take sensible precautions:
- Don't carry your credit card, travel tickets and money together - leave spare cash and valuables in a safe place.
- You are legally required to carry your passport at all times when travelling in Mongolia and, if living in Mongolia, your residency card. We also recommend that you leave a copy of your passport (and travel and insurance documents) with family or friends at home, and that you keep photos of the personal identification and Mongolian visa pages of your passport on your phone.
- Avoid showing large sums of money in public and don't use ATMs after dark, especially if you are alone. Check no one has followed you after conducting your business.
- Keep a close eye on your personal belongings and hold on to them in public places such as internet cafes, train and bus stations.
- Avoid dark and unlit streets and stairways, arrange to be picked up or dropped off as close to your hotel or apartment entrance as possible.
- Ensure that you use licensed taxis at all times.
Be extremely careful if driving in Mongolia. The standard of driving and vehicle maintenance is poor, with heavy congestion in Ulaanbaatar and there are a lot of traffic accidents. There are few all-weather roads, especially outside Ulaanbaatar.
An international driving permit is required if you wish to drive to Mongolia. If you plan to drive, you should bring both your full Irish driver's licence and your international driving permit and make sure you have adequate and appropriate insurance.
The underdeveloped infrastructure in Mongolia may cause problems so be well prepared, bring supplies and make contingency plans if you're travelling outside of the capital. Be aware that much of Mongolia is sparsely populated and if you run into difficulty you may be a considerable distance from the nearest settlement. Consider bringing a satellite phone as mobile networks and GPS do not always function adequately in remote areas.
Hiring a vehicle
If you're hiring a vehicle, we advise you not to hand over your passport as a form of security. If you're allowing your passport to be photocopied, keep it in your sight at all times.
Check that you have adequate insurance and read the small print of the vehicle hire contract (particularly any waiver that will come into effect if the vehicle is damaged).
Local laws and customs
Local laws and customs
Remember, the local laws apply to you as a visitor and it is your responsibility to follow them. Be sensitive to local customs, traditions and practices as your behaviour may be seen as improper, hostile or may even be illegal.
You must have a valid passport to enter Mongolia, with a validity date at least six months beyond the end of your intended period of stay. It's also advisable to take a number of photocopies of your passport with you, and to store a photo of the personal identification and Mongolian visa pages of your passport on your phone.
You are legally required to carry your passport at all times when travelling in Mongolia and, if living in Mongolia, your residency card.
Mongolia doesn't recognise dual nationality and this may limit our ability to provide consular assistance to Irish/Mongolian dual nationals who are arrested or detained.
Illegal drug use (no matter what the drug) carries stiff penalties, including fines and long prison terms.
Natural disasters and climate
Natural disasters and climate
In the event of a natural disaster, we recommend that you follow the advice of local authorities. Monitor media reports for the latest information.
Mongolia is subject to extreme temperatures from -35°C in the winter to +35°C in the summer.
Mongolia is located in an active seismic zone. If you're travelling to or living in Mongolia, make sure you note down the address and telephone number of the Embassy of Ireland in Beijing, China, for use in the event of an emergency. Download our Travelwise App and set an alert for Mongolia to receive notifications of any updates to our travel advice.
There is a short rainy season from mid-July to mid-September.
Dust storms occur between May and June.
Entry requirements (visa/passport)
If you're unsure of the entry requirements for Mongolia, including visa and other immigration information, ask your travel agent or contact the nearest Embassy or Consulate of Mongolia. Up-to-date details on visa requirements can also be found at on the website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
If you intend to stay in Mongolia for more than 30 days or if you don't have an entry/exit visa, you must register your stay with the Mongolian Immigration Agency in Ulaanbaatar within 7 business days of arriving in Mongolia. For more information, please visit the website of the Mongolia Immigration Agency.
If you've been in Mongolia for more than 90 days, you must get an exit visa to leave the country. You can apply through the Mongolian Immigration Agency office. Please allow at least 10 days to process your exit visa.
Check with your doctor well in advance of travelling to see if they recommend any vaccinations for Mongolia.
Medical facilities in Mongolia are very limited and don't meet most Western standards, especially for emergency healthcare requirements. Make sure that you have comprehensive medical insurance to pay for private healthcare and bring basic medical supplies, including any regular prescription drugs, with you.
Sanitation in some restaurants is inadequate, particularly outside of Ulaanbaatar. Drink bottled water and use other routine safety measures to protect your health.
Air pollution is a serious problem during the winter months so if you have breathing or other health problems, you should plan accordingly.