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If you’re travelling to Sudan, our travel advice and updates give you practical tips and useful information. 

Security Status

  • Normal precautions
  • High degree of caution
  • Avoid non-essential travel
  • Do not travel
  • Overview
  • Safety and Security
  • Local Laws and Customs
  • Health
  • Additional Information
  • Embassy Contact



Security status

Do Not Travel

Latest Travel Alert

The Department of Foreign Affairs is closely monitoring the situation in Khartoum and other parts of Sudan where there is ongoing military conflict.

The situation is very volatile and may deteriorate further at any time.  Citizens should monitor this travel advice and reliable media sources for the latest information.

In general, citizens in areas affected by conflict should shelter in place, remain indoors and observe local restrictions.  If they judge it is safe to do, citizens may decide to seek to depart Sudan at their own risk. Travel routes and onward destination entry requirements should be assessed carefully before deciding to travel.

Khartoum International Airport is currently closed. Evacuation flights from Wadi Saeedna Airbase north of Khartoum have now ceased. Evacuation options from Port Sudan are limited. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia announced the cessation of its humanitarian evacuation options on 12 May. Commercial options may still be available; including by air and on commercial ferries with Aziz Express. Citizens seeking to depart using commercial options do so at their own risk. There are serious concerns about the safety and reliability of local airlines in Sudan with many banned from operating in European airspace.

Citizens in Port Sudan and the surrounding areas, and seeking options to depart Sudan, should contact the Embassy for further information. 

Citizens seeking to depart Sudan for neighbouring countries by other means should take careful advice before doing so as border crossings may be closed, or may involve long transit and processing times, with very little infrastructure at these border crossings.  The onward destination's entry requirements should be checked prior to travelling.

Any citizens arriving in countries neighbouring Sudan can contact the relevant Irish Embassy for assistance (list can be found at

Irish citizens who have not already done so should urgently register with the Embassy of Ireland in Kenya which is accredited to Sudan at

Ireland does not have a diplomatic mission in Sudan, and the capacity to provide consular assistance to citizens there is limited.

The Embassy of Ireland in Kenya is the main point of contact for consular assistance for Irish citizens in Sudan, and for general queries in relation to Sudan. The Embassy’s contact details can be found in the Embassy Contact tab.

The Embassy of Ireland in the United Arab Emirates (Abu Dhabi Visa Office) is the main point of contact for queries in relation to Irish visa applications by Sudanese citizens or residents. The Abu Dhabi Visa Office team can be contacted using this form.

Citizens should follow the Embassy of Ireland in Kenya on Twitter @IrlEmbKenya for updated advice. The Embassy’s out of hours consular assistance phone line can be contacted at +254 (0) 716 353 999.

Safety and Security

Safety and security


Armed conflict, which broke out across Sudan on 15 April 2023, has resulted in thousands of deaths and injuries. The security situation across the country is very volatile and may deteriorate further at any time. Irish citizens should not travel to Sudan at this time, due to armed conflict, civil unrest and the volatile security situation.

In addition to the ongoing armed conflict, there are regular outbreaks of violence and instability in the Abyei region and adjoining areas, the states of Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile, parts of Darfur, areas of eastern Sudan close to the border with Eritrea, and south-eastern border regions with Ethiopia around the agricultural region of al-Fashaga al-Sughra.

Be extremely cautious around areas that may be sensitive to the government, including military installations, border areas and camps for internationally-displaced persons.


In the past year, there have been frequent demonstrations, often leading to violent clashes in Khartoum and other cities and several Embassies have been attacked. Protests have taken place in response to rising prices and austerity measures, but also in response to perceived insults to Islam and other international events. They have led to violent clashes between security forces and protestors.

Demonstrations occur regularly, often leading to violent clashes between security forces and protestors in Khartoum and other cities, and several Embassies have been attacked. You should avoid all protests and demonstrations and should not try to take photographs of demonstrations. If caught up in a demonstration, leave the area immediately. Closely monitor the local media for updates on the situation.

Regional travel

You’ll need locally-obtained permits for all travel to many destinations outside Khartoum, including Darfur.


There is a risk of terrorism in all parts of Sudan including Khartoum.


There is a risk of kidnapping in all parts of Sudan including Khartoum.


Landmines pose a threat in rural areas in many parts of the country. Don’t stray off main routes, particularly in rural areas, and always check with your local contact before travelling to affected regions.


The incidence of street crime in Khartoum and other major northern Sudanese cities, other than in Darfur, is low compared to many parts of Africa.  However, you should exercise caution, particularly after dark.  Always take sensible precautions: 

  • Don’t carry your credit card, travel tickets and money together - leave spare cash and valuables in a safe place
  • Take a number of photocopies of your passport with you in case your passport is lost or stolen. Leave a copy of your passport (and travel and insurance documents) with family or friends at home
  • Avoid showing large sums of money in public
  • Avoid dark and unlit streets and stairways, and arrange to be picked up or dropped off as close to your hotel or apartment entrance as possible
  • Keep a close eye on your personal belongings and hold on to them in public places such as internet cafés, train and bus stations
  • Women should take particular care if travelling alone

Reporting crime

If you’re a victim of a crime while in Sudan, report it to the local police immediately. And you can contact us at the Embassy in Nairobi in Kenya if you need help.


If you’re planning to drive in Sudan, you should be careful. Driving conditions can be hazardous, and roads poor. Avoid driving at night and without a guide. If you want to drive:

  • Bring your full Irish driver’s licence and your international driving permit and make sure you have adequate and appropriate insurance
  • Sudanese law prohibits the use of mobile phones whilst driving 
  • Keep your vehicle doors locked and your bags kept out of sight to prevent opportunistic bag-snatching if you’re stopped at traffic lights

Desert driving

Desert travel within Sudan should be attempted only if you’re fully equipped and experienced.

Hiring a vehicle

If you’re hiring a vehicle, we advise you not to hand over your passport as a form of security. If you’re allowing your passport to be photocopied, keep it in your sight at all times.

Check that you have adequate insurance and read the small print of the vehicle hire contract (particularly any waiver that will come into effect if the vehicle is damaged).

Public transport

Be aware that many public transport vehicles are unsafe and consider alternative methods of transport.

Air travel

Sudan’s airspace has been closed to all civilian flights since 16 April 2023. Khartoum International Airport is currently closed. There are serious concerns about the safety and reliability of local airlines in Sudan. Many of these airlines are banned from operating in European airspace.

Local Laws and Customs

Local laws and customs

Remember, the local laws apply to you as a visitor and it is your responsibility to follow them. Be sensitive to local customs, traditions and practices as your behaviour may be seen as improper, hostile or may even be illegal.

Muslim culture

Sudan is a Muslim country in which Islamic law, customs and dress are universally respected. You should respect them fully. You may not seek to convert Muslims to other faiths.

When travelling in Sudan, take care not to offend local culture or religious beliefs, especially during the holy month of Ramadan or other religious festivals. Be conscious of your dress and behaviour if you intend to visit places of worship.

During Ramadan, Muslims are not permitted to eat, drink or smoke during daylight hours. To avoid offence, you should not eat, drink or smoke in public during this time. Guide books, local hoteliers and tour guides can be good sources of information for how to behave and dress respectfully.

Sharia law

Sharia law is an Islamic body of law and moral code. Penalties under Sharia law can be very severe, particularly for offences such as theft and adultery. If you’re travelling in an area governed by Sharia law, we advise you to respect local religious traditions and avoid offending local sensitivities. Travellers should dress conservatively and women are advised to cover their legs, arms and head.

Female travellers

Female travellers can face particular issues around security and dealing with the religious and cultural beliefs of the countries they visit (especially if they’re travelling alone). We advise you to do some research before you travel, so you know what to expect from the country you’re visiting.

Some quick tips include:

  • Always take basic personal safety precautions, such as not walking alone at night or in quiet areas.
  • Don’t leave your food or drink unattended.
  • Keep details of your travel plans and where you’re staying to yourself.
  • Dress modestly if you’re in a Muslim or socially conservative country.

Illegal drugs

Illegal drug use (no matter what the drug) carries stiff penalties, including fines and long prison terms.


Alcohol is not permitted in Sudan. 


Homosexual practices and extramarital relations are illegal and subject to severe penalties under Islamic Sharia law.


You need a permit for photography. Even with a permit, photographing airports, military cars, bridges, drainage stations, broadcast stations, public utilities, slum areas or beggars is strictly prohibited.

Family law

Parents in particular should be aware that local laws regarding custody of children are significantly different to those in force in Ireland. If you are involved in any legal matters, particularly with regard to family law, we strongly advise you to seek professional legal advice.




As a result of the ongoing armed conflict, the availability of medical services and assistance and medication in Sudan is extremely limited.

Get travel and medical insurance

Before travelling, the Department strongly recommends that you obtain comprehensive travel insurance which will cover all overseas medical costs, including medical repatriation/evacuation, repatriation of remains and legal costs. You should check any exclusions and, in particular, that your policy covers you for the activities you want to undertake.

Yellow fever

There has been an outbreak of yellow fever across Sudan. Travellers to Sudan should ensure they have been vaccinated against yellow fever and should bring their vaccination certificate with them.


Make sure you bring enough medication for your entire trip and for any unexpected delays. You may wish to also bring copies of your prescription in case you lose your medication.


In general tap water is not safe to drink. Bottled water is readily available.

Additional Information

Additional information

Entry requirements (visa/passport)

If you are unsure about the entry requirements for Sudan, including visa and other immigration information, ask your travel agent or contact the Embassy of Sudan in London.

You can also check with them how long your passport must be valid for.


It’s advisable to take a number of photocopies of your passport with you when travelling to Sudan and you should carry a photocopy of your passport at all times during your stay.

If your passport is lost or stolen while you’re abroad, we can help.

What we can do:

  • Issue you with an emergency travel document to get you home.
  • Assist you in applying for a new passport.

We’ll do our best to help you as quickly as possible but this can take some time. Your location and circumstances may limit the help we can give you. As Ireland does not have an Embassy in Sudan there may be additional complications in processing and application for a new passport.

You should contact the Embassy in Nairobi in Kenya or to find out what you need to do to apply for a passport. They will also be able to advise you on the fees which apply.


The temperature in the summer months in some areas can reach over 40 degrees Celsius. Drink plenty of water to avoid dehydration. Sudan can suffer from drought.


Heavy rains can occur, and the flood risk can be high, especially during July to September. Overland travel will likely be disrupted, with roads and bridges inaccessible.


Sudan is prone to sandstorms. Local services, water availability and basic food maybe affected. Observe preventative measures and exercise extreme caution.


Credit cards and travellers' cheques are not usually accepted in Sudan. It’s not possible to get cash against credit cards at banks and credit cards are not accepted at hotels to settle bills. Neither is it possible to cash travellers' cheques through the local banking system in Sudan. Make sure you have enough hard currency, preferably US dollars, to cover expenses during your stay.


Embassy contact

Embassy Contact

The Embassy of Ireland in Kenya is the main point of contact for consular assistance for Irish citizens in Sudan, and for general queries in relation to Sudan.

Embassy of Ireland
4th Floor, Delta Office Suites
Manyani Road, Off Waiyaki Way
PO Box 30659-00100


Telephone line (Monday to Friday, 8am to 4pm): +254 0205 135 300
Duty Officer out-of-hours emergency line: +254 716 353 999

Contact us