- Normal precautions
- High degree of caution
- Avoid non-essential travel
- Do not travel
- Safety and Security
- Local Laws and Customs
- Additional Information
- Embassy Contact
Do Not Travel
Latest Travel Alert
The Department of Foreign Affairs is closely monitoring the situation in Khartoum and other parts of Sudan where there is ongoing military conflict.
The situation is very volatile and may deteriorate further at any time. Citizens should monitor this Travel Advice and reliable media sources for the latest information.
In general, citizens in areas affected by conflict should shelter in place, remain indoors and observe local restrictions. If they judge it is safe to do, citizens may decide to seek to depart Sudan at their own risk. Travel routes and onward destination entry requirements should be assessed carefully before deciding to travel.
Khartoum International Airport is currently closed. Assisted evacuations from Wadi Saeedna Airbase north of Khartoum and from Port Sudan have now ceased.
Limited commercial options for departure from Sudan are available, including by air and on commercial ferries. Citizens seeking to depart using commercial options do so at their own risk. There are serious concerns about the safety and reliability of local airlines in Sudan with many banned from operating in European airspace.
Citizens seeking to depart Sudan for neighbouring countries by other means should take careful advice before doing so as border crossings may be closed, or may involve long transit and processing times, with very little infrastructure at these border crossings. The onward destination's entry requirements should be checked prior to travelling.
Any citizens arriving in countries neighbouring Sudan can contact the relevant Irish Embassy for assistance (the list can be found here).
Irish citizens in Sudan who have not already done so should urgently register with the Embassy of Ireland in Kenya which is accredited to Sudan.
Ireland does not have a diplomatic mission in Sudan, and the capacity to provide consular assistance to citizens there is limited.
The Embassy of Ireland in Kenya is the main point of contact for consular assistance for Irish citizens in Sudan, and for general queries in relation to Sudan. The Embassy’s contact details can be found here.
The Embassy of Ireland in the United Arab Emirates (Abu Dhabi Visa Office) is the main point of contact for queries in relation to Irish visa applications by Sudanese citizens or residents. The Abu Dhabi Visa Office team can be contacted using this form.
Citizens should follow the Embassy of Ireland in Kenya on Twitter @IrlEmbKenya for updated advice. The Embassy’s out of hours emergency consular assistance phone line can be contacted at +254 (0) 716 353 999. Alternatively, you can call the Duty Officer at the Department of Foreign Affairs in Ireland at +353 1 408 2000.
General Travel Advice
The Department of Foreign Affairs strongly advises against all travel to Sudan at this time.
Armed conflict, which broke out across Sudan on 15 April 2023, has resulted in thousands of deaths and injuries.The security situation across the country is very volatile and may deteriorate further at any time. For further information please see our Travel Alert section above and the Safety and Security tab.
Our tips for Safe Travels:
Safety and Security
Safety and Security
Safety and security
Armed conflict, which broke out across Sudan on 15 April 2023, has resulted in thousands of deaths and injuries. The security situation across the country is very volatile and may deteriorate further at any time. Irish citizens should not travel to Sudan at this time, due to armed conflict, civil unrest and the volatile security situation.
In addition to the ongoing armed conflict, there are regular outbreaks of violence and instability in the Abyei region and adjoining areas, the states of Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile, parts of Darfur, areas of eastern Sudan close to the border with Eritrea, and south-eastern border regions with Ethiopia around the agricultural region of al-Fashaga al-Sughra.
Be extremely cautious around areas that may be sensitive to the government, including military installations, border areas and camps for internationally-displaced persons.
There have been frequent demonstrations in Sudan in recent years, often leading to violent clashes in Khartoum and other cities and several Embassies have been attacked.
You should avoid all protests and demonstrations and should not try to take photographs of demonstrations. If caught up in a demonstration, leave the area immediately. Closely monitor the local media for updates on the situation.
Sudan’s airspace has been closed to all civilian flights since 16 April 2023. Khartoum International Airport is currently closed. There are serious concerns about the safety and reliability of local airlines in Sudan. Many of these airlines are banned from operating in European airspace.
Locally-obtained permits are required for all travel to many destinations outside Khartoum, including Darfur.
There is a risk of terrorism in all parts of Sudan including Khartoum.
There is a risk of kidnapping in all parts of Sudan including Khartoum.
Landmines pose a threat in rural areas in many parts of the country.
Local Laws and Customs
Local Laws and Customs
Local laws and customs
Remember, the local laws apply to you as a visitor and it is your responsibility to follow them. Be sensitive to local customs, traditions and practices as your behaviour may be seen as improper, hostile or may even be illegal.
Sudan is a Muslim country in which Islamic law, customs and dress are universally respected. You should respect them fully. You may not seek to convert Muslims to other faiths.
During Ramadan, Muslims are not permitted to eat, drink or smoke during daylight hours. To avoid offence, you should not eat, drink or smoke in public during this time. Guide books, local hoteliers and tour guides can be good sources of information for how to behave and dress respectfully.
Sharia law is an Islamic body of law and moral code. Penalties under Sharia law can be very severe, particularly for offences such as theft and adultery. If you’re travelling in an area governed by Sharia law, we advise you to respect local religious traditions and avoid offending local sensitivities. Travellers should dress conservatively and women are advised to cover their legs, arms and head.
Female travellers can face particular issues around security and dealing with the religious and cultural beliefs of the countries they visit (especially if they’re travelling alone). We advise you to always do some research before you travel, so you know what to expect from the country you’re visiting.
Illegal drug use (no matter what the drug) carries stiff penalties, including fines and long prison terms.
Alcohol is not permitted in Sudan.
Homosexual practices and extramarital relations are illegal and subject to severe penalties under Islamic Sharia law.
You need a permit for photography. Even with a permit, photographing airports, military cars, bridges, drainage stations, broadcast stations, public utilities, slum areas or beggars is strictly prohibited.
Parents in particular should be aware that local laws regarding custody of children are significantly different to those in force in Ireland. If you are involved in any legal matters, particularly with regard to family law, we strongly advise you to seek professional legal advice.
Entry requirements (visa/passport)
If you are unsure about the entry requirements for Sudan, including visa and other immigration information, ask your travel agent or contact the Embassy of Sudan in London.
Irish citizens require a visa to enter Sudan.
A valid passport is required for travel to Somalia. Irish passports should have a minimum validity of 6 months. Passport cards cannot be used.
It’s advisable to take a number of photocopies of your passport with you when travelling to Sudan and you should carry a photocopy of your passport at all times during your stay.
If your passport is lost or stolen while you’re abroad, we can help.
What we can do:
- Issue you with an emergency travel document to get you home.
- Assist you in applying for a new passport.
We’ll do our best to help you as quickly as possible but this can take some time. Your location and circumstances may limit the help we can give you. As Ireland does not have an Embassy in Sudan there may be additional complications in processing and application for a new passport.
You should contact the Embassy in Nairobi in Kenya or to find out what you need to do to apply for a passport.
The temperature in the summer months in some areas can reach over 40 degrees Celsius. Drink plenty of water to avoid dehydration. Sudan can suffer from drought.
Heavy rains can occur, and the flood risk can be high, especially during July to September. Overland travel will likely be disrupted, with roads and bridges inaccessible.
Sudan is prone to sandstorms. Local services, water availability and basic food maybe affected. Observe preventative measures and exercise extreme caution.
Ireland does not have an Embassy or Consulate in Sudan.
The Embassy of Ireland in Kenya is the main point of contact for consular assistance for Irish citizens in Sudan, and for general queries in relation to Sudan. You can find contact information below.
The Embassy of Ireland in the United Arab Emirates (Abu Dhabi Visa Office) is the main point of contact for queries in relation to Irish visa applications by Sudanese citizens or residents. The Abu Dhabi Visa Office team can be contacted using this link: https://www.dfa.ie/irish-embassy/uae/contact-us/visa-queries/
Get travel and medical insurance
Before travelling, the Department strongly recommends that you obtain comprehensive travel insurance which will cover all overseas medical costs, including medical repatriation/evacuation, repatriation of remains and legal costs. You should check any exclusions and, in particular, that your policy covers you for the activities you want to undertake.
Contact our Embassy in Kenya for assistance