- Normal precautions
- High degree of caution
- Avoid non-essential travel
- Do not travel
- Safety and Security
- Local Laws and Customs
- Natural Disasters and Climate
- Additional Information
- Embassy Contact
Do Not Travel
Latest Travel Alert
Following a recent number of arbitrary arrests of European citizens by the Iranian authorities, we strongly advise against all travel to Iran at this time.
We advise Irish citizens who remain in Iran to register with the Embassy of Ireland in Türkiye if they have not already done so.
Irish citizens in Iran should note that protests, sometimes violent, are currently occurring in a number of locations across the country. Irish citizens are strongly advised to avoid these protests. Please note that Internet access is frequently restricted or shut down completely by the authorities, which impedes communication.
There are ongoing regional tensions and, in the event of any incidents, you should monitor media reports and follow the advice of the local authorities, and local contacts such as hotel staff or tour organisers.
The security situation is particularly dangerous in:
• the regions bordering Pakistan in the province of Sistan and Baluchistan
• the border with Afghanistan in Khorasan Province
• the border with Iraq in Khuzestan and Ilam provinces
Travel to Iran
All passengers over the age of 12 travelling to Iran should be fully vaccinated, with more than 14 days since the second dose of a two shot vaccine (or the single dose of the Johnson & Johnson/Janssen vaccine). Alternatively, passengers may provide a negative PCR test taken within 72 hours prior to arrival. For those under the age of 12, neither a vaccination certificate nor a PCR test is required.
Passengers may undergo health screening upon arrival and may have to quarantine at government facilities if symptoms present.
Several international commercial flights are operational, although some have restrictions in place regarding which citizens they will carry. The situation is subject to change. If you have concerns about future travel plans, you should contact your airline.
If you are in Iran, you should monitor developments regularly and follow the advice of authorities, in particular in relation to local restrictions. Local contacts such as hotel staff or tour organisers are also good sources of information.
Arrivals with dual citizenship
Iran does not recognise dual nationality. If you are an Irish citizen with Iranian nationality, or a dual Irish citizen who enters Iran on a non-Irish passport, our ability to provide consular assistance to you will be very limited.
Overland travel from Iran to neighbouring countries
The Department of Foreign Affairs cannot facilitate Irish citizens who want to travel overland through to neighbouring countries with letters of introduction for visa purposes.
Safety and Security
Safety and Security
Safety and security
You are strongly advised to avoid any street gatherings or demonstrations while in Iran and to avoid taking photographs,showing an interest in demonstrations, or flying drones, as such behaviour can result in arrest and detention by the security forces. We recommend you exercise caution and monitor local media reporting for up to date advice on security risks.
There is a global risk of indiscriminate terrorist attacks, and there have been a number of terrorist attacks in Iran in recent years.
Terrorist attacks are, by their nature, random and indiscriminate and cannot be predicted in advance. You are advised to exercise a high degree of caution, particularly in public places that are frequented by large crowds. Local contacts such as hotel staff or tour organisers are also good sources of information.
Travellers have occasionally been victims of theft while in Iran so you should take sensible precautions to protect yourself from crime:
- Don’t carry your travel tickets and money together - leave spare cash and valuables in a safe place.
- Don’t carry your passport unless absolutely necessary and leave a copy of your passport (and travel and insurance documents) with family or friends at home.
- Avoid showing large sums of money in public and don’t use ATMs after dark, especially if you’re alone. Check no one has followed you after conducting your business.
- Avoid dark and unlit streets and stairways, and arrange to be picked up or dropped off as close to your hotel or apartment entrance as possible.
- Keep a close eye on your personal belongings and hold on to them in public places such as busy streets, train and bus stations.
- There have been attempted robberies by people claiming to be plain-clothes policemen. If you are approached by anyone who claims to be a policeman, ask to see their ID and request the presence of a uniformed officer. Don’t hand over any documents or cash, or get in to any vehicle.
If you are a victim of a crime while in Iran, report it to the local police immediately. You can also contact the Honorary Consul in Tehran or the Embassy of Ireland in Türkiye if you need help.
If you are planning to drive in Iran, you should be extremely careful. The standard of driving, particularly in urban centres, is poor and can be challenging to newcomers. Iran has one of the highest rates of road accidents in the world and travellers should drive with great care.
If you want to drive:
- Bring your full Irish driver’s licence and your international driving permit and make sure you have adequate and appropriate insurance
- Driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs is against the law and you risk being detained, fined or banned from driving if caught
- Keep your vehicle doors locked and your bags kept out of sight to prevent opportunistic bag-snatching if you are stopped at traffic lights
If you are involved in an incident
Do not leave the scene. You should wait until the police arrive to make their report.
Hiring a vehicle
If you are hiring a vehicle, we advise you not to hand over your passport as a form of security. If you’re allowing your passport to be photocopied, keep it in your sight at all times.
Check that you have adequate insurance and read the small print of the vehicle hire contract (particularly any waiver that will come into effect if the vehicle is damaged).
Local Laws and Customs
Local Laws and Customs
Local laws and customs
Remember, the local laws apply to you as a visitor and it is your responsibility to follow them. Be sensitive to local customs, traditions and practices as your behaviour may be seen as improper, hostile or may even be illegal.
Advice for all visitors
People travelling on tourist visas should strictly adhere to the conditions of their visas. Tourists should not engage in any other activities such as voluntary work, research or internships. It is a criminal offence to do so and may lead to prosecution or detention. Tourists should bear in mind that Iranian security forces may be suspicious of foreign nationals, particularly independent travellers or students. Any behaviour that doesn't have an obvious explanation can put you at risk, no matter how innocent you believe it to be. This may include travel off the beaten track, being present near crowds or sensitive sites, taking photographs (except in major tourist sites) and having contact with Iranians who are of interest to the authorities.
Illegal drug use (no matter what the drug) carries stiff penalties, including fines and long prison terms.
Iran is an Islamic Republic and Islamic practices and beliefs are closely adhered to in the country's customs, laws, and regulations. Common sense and discretion should be exercised in dress and behaviour.
Islamic codes of behaviour and dress are strictly enforced. Visitors should dress conservatively. Men should not wear shorts or sleeveless shirts; women must cover their head with a scarf and conceal the body’s contours by wearing a loose-fitting knee-length outer garment and trousers. Respect religious and social traditions to avoid offending local sensitivities.
There are additional dress requirements at certain religious sites. Women may be asked to put on a chador (a garment that covers the whole body except the face), before entering.
Irish citizens are subject to Iranian law when in Iran, which differs in many areas to Irish law.
There are restrictive laws governing modesty and sexuality in Iran. Sex outside of marriage and adultery are illegal and subject to severe penalties, including the death penalty.
Same-sex relations for both men and women are illegal in Iran and subject to punishments including corporal punishment, prison sentences and the death penalty.
It is prohibited to import alcohol or pork products into Iran. The sale and consumption of alcohol in Iran is strictly forbidden and penalties can be severe.
Photography or the flying of drones near military, government installations and many other areas is strictly prohibited. Any transgression may result in detention and serious criminal charges. Be aware that sensitive government buildings and facilities may be hard to identify so take extreme care when taking photographs in any areas that are anything other than very obvious tourist attractions.
Natural Disasters and Climate
Natural Disasters and Climate
Natural disasters and climate
Iran has a variable climate ranging from arid or semi-arid, to subtropical along the Caspian coast and the northern forests.
Summers can be extremely hot and you should take care to prepare yourself for extreme heat if travelling in Iran, particularly in July and August.
Some regions have heavy snowfall during winter.
Sandstorms and dust storms occur regularly.
In all cases, you should pay close attention to local news reports on the weather and follow the advice of local authorities and contacts.
Iran is located in an active seismic area. There have been several major earthquakes in recent years.
If you are travelling to or living in Iran, make sure you know what to do in the event of an earthquake. Familiarise yourself with the appropriate steps to take in case of an earthquake, including carrying a minimum of emergency supplies, such as a flashlight, whistle and any relevant medication and liquid.
If you are unsure of the entry requirements for Iran, including visa and other immigration information, ask your travel agent or contact the nearest Embassy or Consulate of Iran.
You should also check with them how long your passport must be valid for.
It is advisable to take a number of photocopies of your passport with you. During your stay you should carry a photocopy of your passport at all times.
If your passport contains evidence that you have travelled to Israel, such as an Israeli stamp or stamps from other countries’ border crossing points with Israel, you may be refused entry to Iran.
Check with your doctor well in advance of travelling to see if you need any vaccinations for Iran. Medical facilities are reasonable in the major cities of Iran but poor in remote areas.
It is recommended that you have adequate health insurance and accessible funds to cover the cost of any medical treatment abroad and repatriation if required.
Communications can be difficult with low internet speed, frequent interruptions of SMS networks and sporadic severing of the mobile phone network.
Be aware that using a laptop or other electronic equipment in public places can be misinterpreted, especially if it contains photographs. You may be arrested and detained on criminal charges including espionage.
You can’t use international bank cards (debit or credit) in Iran. Usually it’s not possible to change travellers’ cheques. You should therefore bring enough hard currency (Euro or US dollars) with you to fund your stay.
Ireland does not have an Embassy in Iran. If you require consular assistance, please contact Embassy of Ireland in Türkiye. If you are an Irish citizen and in need of consular assistance outside of normal office hours, call the Embassy and leave a message for the Duty Officer:
Embassy of Ireland
Ugur Mumcu Caddesi No.88
MNG Binasi, First Floor, GOP
Tel: +90 312 459 1000
Fax: +90 312 446 8061
Monday to Friday 09.00 - 13.00 and 14.00 - 17.00
Honorary Consulate Contact
Mr. Alireza Feizollahi
Honorary Consul of Ireland
S.J. Assadabadi Avenue
Corner of 50th Street, No. 2/6, First Floor
Tel: +98 21 8804 1925
Fax: +98 21 8804 0817
Email: Email us
Get travel and medical insurance
Before travelling, the Department strongly recommends that you obtain comprehensive travel insurance which will cover all overseas medical costs, including medical repatriation/evacuation, repatriation of remains and legal costs. You should check any exclusions and, in particular, that your policy covers you for the activities you want to undertake.