- Normal precautions
- High degree of caution
- Avoid non-essential travel
- Do not travel
- Safety and Security
- Local Laws and Customs
- Health, Natural Disasters and Climate
- Additional Information
- Embassy Contact
High Degree of Caution
Latest Travel Alert
Citizens should be aware that Malawi is currently experiencing severe fuel shortages. Do not take accessibility of fuel for travel in the country for granted, and plan ahead to ensure that you can reach your planned destination. Where fuel is available, there can often be long queues, with a heightened risk of unrest at filling stations.
COVID-19 Entry Requirements
Travellers to Malawi are required to present proof of vaccination/testing for COVID-19. EU Digital COVID certificates are accepted.
General Travel Advice
Irish citizens require a visa to enter Malawi.
A valid passport is required for travel to Malawi. Irish passports should have a minimum validity of six months. Passport cards cannot be used.
For more information on visas and passports, please see the Additional Information tab.
Visitors to Malawi are advised to follow the guidance of national and local authorities and stay fully informed of what's going on by monitoring local news and social media.
Citizens can also follow the Embassy on Twitter @IrlEmbMalawi to ensure access to relevant updates and alerts.
The best help is often close at hand so if you have problems, try talking to your local contacts, tour operator representative or hotel management.
The emergency number in Malawi is 999 (or 01 757 999, or 01 751 444).
Our tips for Safe Travels:
- Get comprehensive travel insurance that covers all your planned activities.
- Register your details with us so that we can contact you quickly if there’s an unforeseen crisis like a natural disaster or a family emergency.
- Follow us on twitter @dfatravelwise for the latest travel updates.
- Read our ‘Know Before You Go’ guide.
Safety and Security
Safety and Security
Safety and security
Caution should be exercised in all areas, especially after dark. When visiting rural areas it is advisable to check on the general safety of the area, or for any recent incidents, with contacts in the community in advance.
Always be aware of your surroundings, pay attention to local media and be careful around large groups of people in major urban areas. Avoid rallies, demonstrations and public gatherings. If you are in an area where you believe your safety is threatened, leave immediately.
Photography of government buildings, airports, bridges, churches, and military installations is strictly prohibited.
Most visits to Malawi are trouble-free, but be alert to muggers and bag-snatchers and take sensible precautions. Be alert to petty theft and pickpockets around the main bus stations in Lilongwe and Blantyre, and at the main ports for the Ilala ferry. If you're the victim of a mugging, offer no resistance and hand over your possessions without question.
Residential break-ins, organised robberies and car-jackings are known to occur and may target foreigners. Authorities have reported break-ins in Lilongwe, especially in neighbourhoods where many foreigners may stay. Extra care should be taken to ensure your accommodation is secure.
Avoid dark and unlit streets and stairways, and arrange to be picked up or dropped off as close to your hotel or accommodation entrance as possible.
Reporting a crime
You should report any crime to the police immediately. Although the investigation and prosecution of the crime are solely the responsibility of local authorities, our consular officers can help you to understand the local criminal justice process and find a lawyer, if needed.
The emergency number in Malawi is 999 (or 01 757 999, or 01 751 444).
Lost or stolen passport
Lost or stolen passports are sometimes handed to the police within a few days. Report the loss to the nearest police station as soon as possible, and keep in touch with that station in case of recovery. If your passport is stolen, you can apply to the Embassy for a replacement.
If you're planning to drive in Malawi, you should be extremely careful. The traffic-related death rate is high. Poor road conditions, poorly maintained vehicles, and inadequate street lighting can make driving dangerous. Potholes, pedestrians, animals, abandoned vehicles, and vehicles travelling at night without lights also pose risks. Driving outside cities after dark is not recommended and you should be aware that emergency roadside assistance is very limited. Traffic in Malawi drives on the left.
If you want to drive:
- Bring your full Irish driving licence and make sure you have adequate and appropriate insurance.
- Carry your driving licence at all times while driving because you may be required to produce it at police checkpoints.
- Driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs is against the law and you risk being detained, fined or banned from driving if caught. The Malawi Police Service carry out breathalyser tests.
- It's illegal to talk on a mobile phone while driving.
- Keep your vehicle doors locked and your bags kept out of sight to prevent opportunistic bag-snatching if you're stopped at traffic lights
- Never leave your personal belongings in a vehicle.
- Be aware that petrol stations are found only in larger towns and plan your route accordingly. Most petrol stations do not accept credit or debit cards but it is possible to purchase and top up a fuel card (using cash) which will then be accepted as payment for fuel.
If you're caught drink driving or speeding you can have your licence and/or vehicle confiscated on the spot. It will only be returned after you've appeared before a magistrate. Convicted drivers face a fine and/or imprisonment. The blood alcohol limit is 0.08g per 100ml of blood.
Drive slowly in all built-up areas. Traffic police often place speed cameras in built-up areas where there are no signs showing the speed limit (which is 50kmph). For such traffic offences, the police impose on-the-spot fines.
There have been instances of armed car-jackings, particularly of four-wheel-drive vehicles. These can happen when a vehicle is stopped, for example, while waiting to enter at a compound vehicle gate, at intersections, or in traffic. Car doors should be locked and windows closed, especially when stopping your vehicle. Don't resist if threatened by car-jackers.
Hiring a vehicle
If you're hiring a vehicle, we advise you not to hand over your passport as a form of security. If you're allowing your passport to be photocopied, keep it in your sight at all times.
Check that you have adequate insurance and read the small print of the vehicle hire contract (particularly any waiver that will come into effect if the vehicle is damaged).
Long-distance coach services are available to travel between the major cities of Lilongwe, Mzuzu and Blantyre and international bus services also operate to Tanzania and South Africa.
Public transport is extremely limited in rural areas. We advise against travel by minibus because the vehicles are overcrowded and poorly maintained. We also advise against hitchhiking, including taking informal lifts in the back of open vehicles. Fatal accidents are frequent and emergency services are basic where they exist.
Local Laws and Customs
Local Laws and Customs
Local laws and customs
Remember, the local laws apply to you as a visitor and it is your responsibility to follow them. Be sensitive to local customs, traditions and practices as your behaviour may be seen as improper, hostile or may even be illegal.
As in many African countries, Malawian culture is generally conservative and respectful of elders. Use common sense and discretion in dress and behaviour - outside the main tourist areas, women should cover their legs and shoulders. Respect religious beliefs and social conventions to avoid offending local sensitivities.
You are subject to local laws while in Malawi and a serious violation may lead to a jail or death sentence.
If you're arrested or detained you have the right to contact the Irish Embassy. Arresting officials have a responsibility to help you do this. Our consular officials can provide a list of local lawyers upon request.
Legal proceedings or police investigations may be different from the Irish legal system. You can expect to face long delays and difficulties in order to resolve your case. We can't intervene in ongoing legal proceedings in other countries or regions, unless requested to do so by local authorities. Such requests are rare.
It is forbidden to import ivory, drugs, and pornographic material into Malawi, and it is illegal to buy or export uncut precious stones. Wildlife crime (including export of protected species) carries severe penalties, including prison sentences of up to 15 years.
Homosexual activity is illegal, although the law is rarely enforced. Local attitudes towards LGBTI+ people are generally negative.
Drug use, including use of cannabis, is illegal and punishment can be severe. Undercover police officers have been known to operate at popular resorts and tourists have been arrested on drug charges.
Photography of government buildings, airports, bridges, churches, and military installations is strictly prohibited. You should also be aware that it may be offensive to photograph people without their consent. We recommend that you get permission before taking photographs of people or their property.
Hippos and crocodiles are common in many of Malawi's lakes and rivers, including areas of Lake Malawi. Be aware of risks associated with viewing wildlife (both marine and on land), particularly on foot or at close range.
If you're visiting Malawi's national parks, wildlife reserves, lakes or rivers, keep a safe distance and avoid leaving the vehicle unless a professional guide or warden tells you it's safe to do so. Only use reputable and professional guides or tour operators and follow park regulations and wardens' advice closely.
Swimming, wading or bathing in fresh water is not recommended because of the threat of disease, mainly Bilharzia. However, if you do want to swim, get local advice on conditions. Areas of Lake Malawi can develop strong currents and the lake can become quite rough without warning. Also, as a freshwater lake, buoyancy is much less than that of sea water and you'll tire more quickly. In some areas, the lake becomes deep very close to shore, so be careful when swimming, especially with young children.
Avoid contact with dogs. Dogs can carry disease (including rabies) and are often kept as guard dogs, as opposed to pets, and can be aggressive. It is advisable to get a rabies vaccine before coming to Malawi, particularly if you intend to visit rural or lakeshore areas.
Health, Natural Disasters and Climate
Health, Natural Disasters and Climate
Health, Natural Disasters and Climate
Citizens planning travel to Malawi should obtain medical advice and make sure tohave all appropriate vaccinations. If you take regular medication, bring enough for the duration of your stay. We also advise you to carry a doctor's note or a pharmacy receipt with your prescription drugs.
Malaria is endemic to Malawi. Travellers should discuss appropriate precautions with a healthcare professional before travelling.
A yellow fever vaccination certification is required from travellers over one year of age arriving from countries with a risk of yellow fever transmission and travellers having transited more than twelve hours through the airport of a country with risk of yellow fever transmission.
Although Malawi is not regarded as a yellow fever country, Ethiopia is. Many Irish citizens travelling to Malawi do so via Addis Ababa on Ethiopian Airlines. If, while transferring through Addis you have left the airport and spent more than twelve hours in country, for example by overnighting, before your onward flight it is possible that immigration officials in Malawi will ask for proof that you have been vaccinated against yellow fever. Failure to have proof of such a vaccination may cause problems at immigration in Malawi. Citizens travelling via this route are recommended tohave proof of a yellow fever vaccination.
For reference, please see the World Health Organisation's list of countries with a risk of Yellow Fever transmission.
Healthcare standards, particularly in rural areas, tend to be poor. Minor injuries and ailments can be dealt with at private clinics found in the larger towns, while only Lilongwe and Blantyre have (limited) facilities to treat more complex cases. The Embassy of Ireland in Malawi can provide a list of healthcare providers in these cities if required.
If a medical emergency arises, we advise that the patient be medically evacuated (usually to South Africa) as soon as they are stable. Make sure that you have adequate health/travel insurance before travelling to Malawi, including for medical evacuation, which can cost tens of thousands of euros for an uninsured patient.
Malaria and insect-borne disease
Malaria is endemic to Malawi. Before travelling, ask your doctor about suitable anti-malarial medication. Upon arrival, take precautions to avoid being bitten by mosquitoes by using bed nets and repellents, and wearing closed shoes, long sleeves and trousers in the evening.
If you become ill with a fever or flu-like illness while travelling in a malaria-risk area, or up to a year after returning home, get medical attention immediately and tell the doctor your travel history and what anti-malarial medications you've been taking.
Kasungu National Park is home to tsetse flies, which can carry sleeping sickness.
Schistosomiasis is present in most lakes and rivers in Malawi, including Lake Malawi. The disease is caused by a tropical flatworm that is found in water and is parasitic in humans. We advise against swimming, wading or bathing in fresh water.
HIV and AIDS
Malawi has a high HIV and AIDS infection rate. You should take appropriate precautions to limit the risk of transmission through blood or sexual contact.
Outbreaks of gastric intestinal infections and cholera can happen, especially during the rainy season (November to April).
Citizens should be aware there was a significant outbreak of cholera in Malawi which began in rural areas in 2022 but spread to large urban centres across the country. The outbreak resulted in approximately 2,000 deaths, and while it has been contained, citizens are advised to follow local government health advice while in Malawi.
Along with outbreaks of cholera, diarrhoea and other food-borne illnesses can be a problem among travellers. Citizens are advised to avoid tap water, ice cubes, and raw fruits and vegetables while in Malawi, and bottled water is recommended for drinking and food preparation. Heightened awareness of hygiene is also advised.
Rabies is endemic in all areas of Malawi and you should avoid contact with dogs. Dogs are usually kept for security rather than as pets and they can be aggressive. You should consider getting a rabies vaccine before coming to Malawi, especially if you plan to travel to rural areas.
Rain and flooding
The rainy season extends from November to April. Secondary roads may be impassable to all but four-wheel-drive vehicles during this period. Roads and bridges can be washed away by flash floods, particularly in lakeshore areas. Stay informed of regional weather forecasts and plan accordingly.
Malawi is located in a seismic zone and earthquakes do occasionally happen – notably in the northern region (Karonga District).
Earthquakes may cause landslides in affected areas. Strong aftershocks are possible up to a week after the initial quake.
Entry requirements (passport/visa)
Passports should be valid for a minimum period of six months on arrival in Malawi.
Irish citizens require a visa in order to enter Malawi. Irish citizens can apply for a visa in advance of travel through the e-visa system at evisa.gov.mw or through the nearest Malawian Embassy or High Commission. In the case of Ireland, this is in London. The Malawian High Commission in London can be contacted via their website or on +44(0) 20 7421 6010. However, if a visa has not been applied for before travel, Irish citizens may obtain one upon arrival in Malawi, subject to the fulfilment of all immigration requirements.
• The fee for a single entry visa is US$50 if applied for online or if paying in cash at a border point (including at an airport); £65 if issued via the High Commission in London.
• Multiple entry visas are also available at a cost of US$150 for up to six months' validity, or $250 for twelve months' validity, respectively. If issued by the High Commission these cost £145 or £200 respectively.
Please note that the validity of multiple entry visas refers to the validity for entry into the country, not to the amount of time the visa holder is permitted to remain in Malawi. For example, a twelve month multiple entry visa allows multiple trips of up to 30 days each (extendable to 90 days once in Malawi) over a twelve month period; it does not allow the visa holder to remain in Malawi for twelve months continuously.
We advise all citizens to bring the exact amount of necessary cash in US dollars for visa payment if paying upon arrival. We also strongly urge all citizens to ensure they get a visa stamp/sticker in their passports when purchasing a visa.
Extending an entry permit
If you wish to extend your stay you will need to ensure that your visa is valid for the length of the stay. You can extend your 30-day permit twice, up to an additional 30 days on each renewal, before it expires (90 days in total). Renewals can be granted at the immigration offices in Lilongwe or in Blantyre.
You must submit a permit-extension application before your permit expires but be aware that there is no guarantee your request will be granted.
Further information is available from the Department of Immigration.
Purpose of visit
If you want to volunteer, study or conduct research or business for more than 90 days in Malawi, you are responsible for requesting the correct type of visa/permit from the Malawi High Commission in London or through the online system https://epermit.gov.mw/ before you travel to Malawi.
There is no guarantee that your request for changing your immigration category (e.g. from visitor permit or tourist visa to temporary employment permit) will be granted.
If your main reason for your visit is to take part in religious activities (voluntary or paid) you should get a temporary employment permit, rather than a visitor's permit, through your sponsoring organisation or business. Foreign nationals who entered Malawi with a tourist visa or on a visitor's permit and then carried out activities inconsistent with their tourist status, such as business or volunteer services have been deported in the past.
The Malawi High Commission in London can advise on other types of entry requirement and the procedure for longer stays.
Travelling with Children via South Africa
Additional documentation is required for travellers accompanied by children, and for unaccompanied children travelling via South Africa. For full details, read the advisory from the South African Department of Home Affairs. If you have queries or concerns regarding these requirements we recommend that you consult with the Embassy or Consulate of South Africa.
There are strict rules about taking foreign currency and Malawian Kwacha out of the country.
It is not permitted to take more than USD$2,000 (or equivalent in foreign currency) out of Malawi, unless you declared the amount when you arrived in the country or you have Malawian bank approval certifying the purchase of the foreign currency.
Credit cards are not widely accepted in Malawi, particularly outside urban centres and it is advised to use cash instead. Money can be changed at the airports, banks or commercial bureaux de change.
Most ATMs will accept international Visa cards, but there are very few ATMs outside of the main urban centres and ATMs are frequently out of order. Fewer ATMs accept Mastercard. Each ATM transaction is limited to MKW 80,000 (approx. €100) and there is normally a charge of approximately €2 per transaction. It is also possible to draw cash on a foreign credit or debit card at major bank branches.
US Dollars are accepted by many lodges, national parks and upmarket hotels. Check in advance if your accommodation will accept foreign currency.
Outside of office hours, the emergency contact for the Embassy is + 265 888 207 543.
Alternatively, you may contact the Duty Officer at the Department of Foreign Affairs in Dublin at + 353 1 408 2000.
Embassy of Ireland
3rd Floor, Arwa House
Lilongwe City Centre
Tel: +265 985 936 610
Monday - Thursday: 07:30 - 12:00 and 13:30 - 16:30; Friday: 07:30 - 12:30
Get travel and medical insurance
Before travelling, the Department strongly recommends that you obtain comprehensive travel insurance which will cover all overseas medical costs, including medical repatriation/evacuation, repatriation of remains and legal costs. You should check any exclusions and, in particular, that your policy covers you for the activities you want to undertake.