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Nigeria

If you’re travelling to Nigeria, our travel advice and updates give you practical tips and useful information. 

Security Status

  • Normal precautions
  • High degree of caution
  • Avoid non-essential travel
  • Do not travel
  • Overview
  • Safety and Security
  • Local Laws and Customs
  • Health
  • Additional Information
  • Embassy Contact

Overview

General COVID-19 Travel Advisory in Operation

General advice is to avoid non-essential travel, other than to countries on the ‘Green List’  where the advice is to take normal precautions:

In accordance with Government policy, which is based on official public health advice, the Department of Foreign Affairs continues to advise against non-essential travel overseas (including to Great Britain but not to Northern Ireland), other than to countries on the ‘green list’ where the ‘normal precautions’ security status rating will apply. The request to restrict their movements does not apply to individuals arriving into Ireland from countries on the ‘green list.’

On 15 September, the Government agreed that, for the period ahead, this ‘green list’ will be updated on a weekly basis, to include EU / EEA countries with a 14 day cumulative number of COVID-19 cases per 100,000 of 25 or less, based on the latest data from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). Updates will be made on the basis of data each Thursday, with changes taking effect from the following Monday.

The updated ‘green’ (normal precautions) list outlined below is based on ECDC data on Thursday 17 September, and will take effect from Monday 21 September. Until then, the earlier list continues to apply.

Green’ (Normal Precautions) List to take effect from Monday 21 September

‘Green’ (Normal Precautions) List below remains in effect until midnight on Sunday 20 September

  • Estonia*
  • Finland*
  • Greece
  • Greenland
  • Hungary *
  • Italy
  • Latvia*
  • Lithuania*
  • Norway*
  • Slovakia

*Citizens considering travel to these locations should note the information below regarding restrictions on entry. These jurisdictions currently have quarantine requirements or other restrictions for arrivals from other jurisdictions, including Ireland.

Potential for restrictions on entering these locations:

Inclusion on the list does not imply the absence of any restrictions on arrivals in those locations. Citizens should be aware that countries continue to announce new restrictions on arrivals from abroad, including the requirement to quarantine on entry. This can include restrictions on arrivals from Ireland. The situation will continue to evolve quickly. Citizens who are considering travel to particular locations are advised to monitor news and information from the public authorities in their destination.

The latest updates will always be uploaded first to this General COVID-19 Travel Advisory. Country-specific tabs will be updated subsequently, and as quickly as possible, but this advisory is the primary source of information for the latest version of the list.

If you are considering travelling outside of Ireland:

Irish citizens travelling to locations with a ‘normal precautions’ (“green”) rating are advised to follow the public health guidelines of the local health authorities and to continue to practice physical distancing measures, hand hygiene and respiratory etiquette etc. Citizens who are considering travel to these locations are also advised to monitor news and information from the public authorities in their chosen destination. This includes information regarding possible restrictions on arrival from abroad, including from Ireland. The security rating for all other locations remains unchanged at either to ‘avoid non-essential travel’ (“orange”) or to ‘do not travel’ (“red”).

The purpose of the Department’s Travel Advice is to provide information to the general public so that individuals can make informed decisions for themselves.  The COVID19 pandemic continues to accelerate internationally, and there are significant risks associated with international travel. Citizens should be aware of the possible limitations to any consular assistance that could be provided. Any citizens who are considering travel abroad are advised to monitor closely our travel advice, and to  download our TravelWise App and follow us on Twitter. Citizens travelling abroad should also register with their local Irish Embassy or Consulate and regularly check their website and Twitter accounts for details of any local public health measures and travel restrictions.

Should you need to travel, you should inform yourself about any requirements in place in the destination to which you are travelling. Flight restrictions and route cancellations continue to occur worldwide and there is no guarantee that air routes will operate as scheduled. Testing and restrictions may be imposed or may already be in place in other countries. It is important to check with your insurance provider on coverage at this time.

What to do on entering Ireland from abroad:

The Irish Authorities advise anyone entering Ireland, other than those arriving from Northern Ireland or locations with a security rating of ‘normal precautions’ (“green”), to restrict their movements for 14 days. This includes citizens and residents returning to Ireland. Restricting your movements means staying indoors in one location and avoiding contact with other people and social situations as much as possible.

All passengers arriving into Ireland from overseas are obliged to complete a mandatory COVID-19 Passenger Locator Form before arriving in Ireland. This is now an online form. Paper versions of the form are also available at points of entry into Ireland, if required. Failure to complete the form is an offence. For further details please see the Irish Government Advice Page. Exemptions are also in place for providers of essential supply chain services such as hauliers, pilots and maritime staff.

Check the Irish Government Advice Page for full information on these requirements and further advice on returning from abroad.

Where to go for more information:

We continue to make updates to our online travel advice for over 200 countries and recommend that you download our TravelWise App and follow us on Twitter. If abroad you should register with your local Irish Embassy or Consulate and regularly check their website and Twitter accounts for details of any local public health measures and travel restrictions.

Overview

Security status

Avoid non-essential travel. 

Security Status Last Updated: 16 March 2020

We advise against all travel to the following areas:

  • Adamawa state
  • Bauchi state
  • Borno state
  • Gombe state
  • Yobe state
  • The coastal and river areas of the Niger Delta states (Akwa Ibom, Bayelsa, Delta, Cross River and Rivers states).
  • The part of Zamfara state within 20km of the border with Niger.

We advise against all but essential travel to the following areas:

  • Abia State
  • Akwa Ibom State
  • Bayelsa State
  • Delta State
  • Kaduna
  • Kano
  • Katsina State
  • Kebbi State
  • Kogi State
  • Jigawa State
  • Jos city, Riyom and Barkin Ladi in Plateau State
  • Rivers State
  • Sokoto State
  • Zamfara State

Latest Travel Alert

Novel Coronavirus

Cases of novel coronavirus (COVID-19) have been confirmed in Nigeria.

With effect from 11pm local time on Monday 30 March, the Federal Government has restricted movement in Abuja and Lagos for 14 days in an attempt to curb the spread of the coronavirus. The directive is also in effect in Ogun state since 3 April. All citizens in these areas are to stay in their homes with limited exceptions. Businesses and offices are closed during this period. The restrictions do not apply to hospitals and related medical establishments, including pharmacies. Supermarkets and food stores are exempt and allowed to open daily between 10am to 4pm, with social distancing safeguards in place. Fuel stations and banks will also remain open. Full details on the restrictions can be found here. Separately, some states also introducing restrictions on movement. You are advised to monitor Federal and State Government announcements and to be aware that new restrictions may be introduced at short notice. Land borders are closed and all international and domestic air travel is suspended. Inter-state travel is strongly discouraged.

If you are in Nigeria, you should monitor developments regularly and follow the advice of local authorities. See links to relevant websites below.

Nigerian Centre for Disease Control – website: https://ncdc.gov.ng/ twitter: https://twitter.com/NCDCgov?s=20  

Statement from Nigerian Ministry of Health: https://nairametrics.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/02/FMoH-COVID-Press-Statement.pdf.pdf

Nigerian Federal Ministry of Heath website: https://www.health.gov.ng/

World Health Organisation (WHO) Nigeria Country Officer Twitter: https://twitter.com/whonigeria?lang=en

Federal Aviation Authority of Nigeria: https://www.faan.gov.ng/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/FAAN_Official?s=20

The Nigerian Centre for Disease Control advices travellers from any country with ongoing transmission of COVID-19 to Nigeria in the last 14 days to stay indoors and avoid contact with other people, even if they do not have symptoms of the virus. If you are travelling to Nigeria from Ireland or any other country with ongoing transmission in the past 14 days, you may wish reflect on the necessity for travel at this time. 

Be alert to common signs of infection: respiratory problems, fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. Seek medical advice if you experience these symptoms.

HSE medical advice to protect yourself from getting COVID-19 is below.
Do:
• wash your hands properly and regularly with soap and water or an alcohol-based hand rub
• cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or your sleeve when you cough and sneeze
• put used tissues into a bin and wash your hands
Don’t:
• touch your eyes, nose or mouth if your hands are not clean
Additional information on COVID-19 can be found via the following links:

HSE

HPSC

ECDC

World Health Organisation

Travel Alert

The security situation remains uncertain in many parts of Nigeria and there is a high threat from domestic terrorism. Be aware that there is an ongoing threat from the Boko Haram insurgency which has caused substantial loss of life.

There is a high risk of kidnapping throughout Nigeria. We advise to take security precautions along the lines mentioned below. In addition, when arranging appointments in Nigeria, ensure that the attendees are known to you and that the meeting is held in a secure location. Many kidnappings in Nigeria are commercial in nature, are often opportunistic, and can happen in any part of the country. There have been recent terrorist kidnappings, which have occurred mostly in northern Nigeria, but could also occur anywhere. There are reports that Boko Haram and Islamic State West Africa (ISWA) are continuing to actively plan to kidnap foreigners.

Rallies, protests and demonstrations are common and may occur on any day. You are advised to avoid large gatherings, follow directions of local authorities, and monitor local media for updates.

The Middle Belt states often experience outbreaks of localised violence, linked to civil unrest, land disputes and elections and occurring at short notice. Such outbreaks can often be quickly followed by localised curfews imposed by the authorities. You are advised to avoid large crowds, political rallies, demonstrations and any large public gatherings.

In the event that you encounter difficulties in the areas where the Department advises against all or all but essential travel to, any assistance that the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade or our Embassy in Abuja may be able to provide, is likely to be extremely limited. Before considering travel to these areas, we advise you to take professional security advice.

For all other areas, we advise you to take additional security precautions. These might include:

• having the name and phone number of the driver collecting you at the airport;
• being wary of any last-minute driver changes;
• planning in advance how you are getting to and back from each meeting;
• considering a security escort if travelling in rural areas or at night-time;
• varying your routines;
• keeping others informed of your travel plans;
• following the security advice of your employer;
• staying only in secure accommodation;
• reviewing your security measures regularly.

Travellers to Nigeria should bear these factors in mind and pay careful attention to local news prior to travel to Nigeria.

Fears as Lassa fever spreads to Kaduna, Adamawa, Osun, Kogi

The Nigerian Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) on Monday confirmed fresh cases of Lassa Fever across the country, with at least seven doctors and five nurses quarantined at the Federal Medical Centre, Yola, Adamawa state, with one each dead in Kaduna and Kogi states. The Nasarawa state government has also confirmed an outbreak of the disease in the state. The NCDC said 195 cases have been confirmed and 29 deaths reported in 11 states as of January 24. Fears as Lassa fever spreads to Kaduna, Adamawa, Osun, Kogi

Emergency assistance

We suggest you learn as much as you can about Nigeria before your trip from travel agents, tour operators and guide books. The best help is often close at hand so if you have problems, try talking to your local contacts, tour operator representative or hotel management. 

You can contact the emergency services in Nigeria by dialling 199.

Our tips for safe travels

  • Purchase comprehensive travel insurance which covers all your intended activities
  • Add an alert for your destination within the Travelwise App.
  • Register your details with us so that we can contact you quickly in an emergency, such as a natural disaster or a family emergency
  • Follow us on twitter @dfatravelwise for the latest travel updates
  • Read our Topical 'Know Before You Go' guide

Safety and Security

Safety and security

Terrorism

The risk of domestic terrorism, including suicide bomb attacks, is high. A number of groups operate in Nigeria including Boko Haram, which has been responsible for a high number of attacks including suicide bomb attacks at markets, motor parks (public transport depots), schools and religious institutions.

Attacks could be indiscriminate and could take place on a variety of targets including government, security and educational institutions, international organisations as well as public venues and areas such as restaurants, bars, markets, hotels, shopping centres, places of worship and other areas frequented by expatriates, foreign tourists and business travellers. Travellers to Nigeria should take precautions, pay careful attention to local news and be prepared to change their travel plans at short notice.

Due to the threat of domestic terrorism, under no circumstances should you travel to the north-eastern states of Adamawa, Borno and Yobe and their neighbouring states of Bauchi and Gombe.  There is an on-going insurgency in north-eastern Nigeria which has the potential to spill-over into surrounding states. Moreover, borders between Nigeria and Cameroon, Chad and Niger are extremely porous, particularly during the rainy season, which facilitates the movement of criminal gangs, drug traffickers and radical groups.

If you have essential business in the northern or Middle Belt states of Nigeria we advise you to contact the Embassy of Ireland in Abuja well in advance of your trip

Crime

Violent crime, including muggings, kidnappings, car-jackings and armed robberies are prevalent throughout Nigeria and Irish citizens travelling in Nigeria are strongly advised to take precautions, including refraining from conspicuous displays of wealth. You should also take care after dark within cities, avoiding secondary roads and areas where other traffic is light. Travel at night in the outskirts of cities and towns should also be avoided. You are advised to be particularly vigilant when sitting in traffic jams or at traffic lights at night. Keep your car windows and doors locked and valuables out of sight.

Kidnapping

There is a significant risk to western travellers in Nigeria from kidnappers, particularly to those working in the oil and gas sectors. Kidnapping in Nigeria is carried out both by criminal gangs for financial reasons and also by terrorist groups.. We currently advise against all travel to the coastal and river areas of Akwa Ibom, Bayelsa, Delta, Cross River and Rivers states..

Western travellers in Nigeria are advised to take particular precautions to avoid kidnapping including:

  • Avoid travelling at night, particularly inter-city
  • Avoid travelling alone
  • When driving, ensure all car doors are locked
  • Vary routes and departure times – avoid patterns which could be tracked
  • Pay careful attention to local media for reports of kidnapping activities
  • Have the name and phone number of the person collecting you from the Airport

Maritime Security

There have been armed robberies and kidnapping attacks against ships that anchor in Nigerian waters, as well as in rivers and ports in the Niger Delta. We advise mariners and sailors to take appropriate caution whilst in these areas and to ensure that their employer has a contingency plan for such an occurrence.

Local Travel

The majority of roads in Nigeria are in poor condition with many unpaved, unmarked and without street lighting. Inter-city roads in particular tend to be poorly maintained. Local drivers can behave more erratically than in Ireland and accordingly a high degree of caution when travelling by road in Nigeria is advised.

There are high numbers of authorised and unauthorised vehicle checkpoints throughout Nigeria. Some are for security checks, others to extort small payments of money. You should slow down at any type of checkpoint and use common sense at all times. The number of these checkpoints increases at night.

Public transport is dangerous and we advise against its use. Taxis and long distance buses are poorly maintained and travellers who use them expose themselves to the risk of theft or attack from drivers and other passengers. Travellers should in particular ensure that they have pre-arranged travel from their destination airport before travelling to Nigeria and should avoid using public transport from an airport. Make sure that you have the name and phone number of the person collecting you from the Airport.

Air Travel

Travellers should note that there are concerns about the safety and reliability of some airline companies operating domestic flights within Nigeria. Irish citizens should carefully evaluate the implications for their security and safety before deciding to undertake domestic air travel. Also domestic flights are frequently cancelled at short notice and travellers should consider direct international flights in to Nigeria rather than transiting domestically. There are often lengthy flight delays, particularly flights later in the day.

In order to make an informed decision on your travel plans please check the attached website Aviation Safety network.

Local Laws and Customs

Local laws and customs

Remember, the local laws apply to you as a visitor and it is your responsibility to follow them. Be sensitive to local customs, traditions and practices as your behaviour may be seen as improper, hostile or may even be illegal.

Nigeria is a federal republic divided into 36 states and a Federal Capital Territory. The Federal Government exercises jurisdiction throughout the country on certain issues while State Governments exercises jurisdiction on other issues. The Nigerian Police Force is a federal, national police force.

Conditions in Nigerian prisons and detention facilities fall below the standards that would be observed in Ireland and can be extremely unpleasant.

The public display of a same sex relationship is illegal under federal law. Prosecutions can result in custodial sentences of up to 14 years imprisonment. 

Drug related offences in Nigeria can attract heavy prison sentences.

Taking photographs of government buildings is illegal and can lead to detention.

It is illegal to export African art, particularly antiques, from Nigeria without written authorisation from the Department of Antiquities.

Nigeria formally retains the death penalty for a number of offences.

Sharia Law

A number of northern Nigerian states which are predominantly Muslim have adopted Sharia Law. These are: Zamfara, Sokoto, Kano, Niger, Katsina, Bauchi, Borno, Jigawa, Kebbi and Yobe. Sharia Law is an Islamic body of law and moral code. Penalties for Muslims convicted under Sharia Law in northern Nigeria can be very severe, particularly for offences such as theft and adultery. Where travellers have essential business in these states, they should dress conservatively and women are advised to cover their legs, head and arms. Nigeria is a deeply religious society and travellers to all parts of Nigeria should respect local religious traditions and avoid offending local sensitivities.

Health

Health

The Department of Foreign Affairs strongly recommends that you obtain comprehensive travel insurance which will cover all overseas medical costs, including medical evacuation, before travelling to Nigeria. You should check any exclusions, and that your policy covers you for the activities you want to undertake. Travellers should note that the Irish Government does not provide funds for emergency medical repatriation or for repatriation of remains.

In most parts of Nigeria, medical facilities are very basic and even in major population centres the level of available medical care is quite limited, and payment must usually be made up-front. Accordingly medical evacuation to Europe or South Africa is frequently required for anything more than a minor accident or illness.

We advise travellers to Nigeria to consult a GP and take medical advice before travelling. Medical practitioners advise travellers to receive a large number of vaccinations which would not normally be required in Ireland. A Yellow Fever vaccination and a valid WHO approved Yellow Vaccination Book are required for entry to Nigeria – travellers who are unable to provide evidence of Yellow Fever vaccination are liable to deportation by the Nigerian Immigration Service.

Malaria

Malaria is a major public health problem in Nigeria, and can be fatal without medical attention. You should consult your GP about malaria prophylaxis prior to travel. The use of anti-insect spray/cream and/or insecticide treated mosquito nets can also reduce the risk of contracting malaria.

There are currently reports of an outbreak of Lassa fever in a number of states. Travellers are advised to avoid contact with rodents and the bodily fluids of affected persons.

HIV/AIDS

HIV/AIDS is prevalent and travellers should exercise appropriate precautions.

Polio

Polio is no longer endemic in Nigeria, but is not yet considered eradicated. There are regular outbreaks of cholera,measles and meningitis throughout the country.

Ebola

On 20 October 2014, the World Health Organisation declared that Nigeria is now free of Ebola virus transmission. However, officials at International Airports in Nigeria are checking temperatures on arrival and monitoring travellers for symptoms of the virus.

Nigeria experiences heavy rainfall during the rainy season (June - September), during which time there is an increased risk of water-borne diseases, and flash flooding can occur. You are advised to maintain a supply of clean bottled water at all times and to avoid purchasing sachets of water on the street.

Zika


There is currently no known outbreak of Zika Virus (a dengue-like mosquito-borne disease) in Nigeria. However, there have been cases in the recent past and it is present in the wider region. For this reason, Irish Citizens especially those with a weakened immune system or women who are pregnant or trying to become pregnant are advised to follow guidance available on the website of the Health Protection Surveillance Centre (HPSC).

Additional Information

Additional information

Entry Requirements

Irish nationals require a visa to travel to Nigeria. The Department of Foreign Affairs & Trade cannot advise Irish nationals on the entry requirements for Nigeria – prospective travellers to Nigeria are advised to contact their nearest Nigerian Embassy/Consulate/High Commission.

Currency

Nigeria is a largely cash based economy. There is limited acceptance of credit cards and debit cards in major cities and rare acceptance in the rest of the country. The security of ATMs in Nigeria cannot be guaranteed.

You will be unable to obtain the local currency (Nigerian naira) until you have arrived in Nigeria. The largest denomination is the 1,000 naira note (about €2.50). Notes have been widely circulated and are often in very poor condition. You are advised to make regular use of hand sanitisers when handling cash to avoid illness.

Travellers should bring sufficient cash to cover expenses while in Nigeria. There are restrictions on the quantity of cash that can be brought into the country, and travellers should verify the latest requirements with their local Nigerian Embassy/Consulate/High Commission before travelling.. Your airline will normally give you a customs declaration form and an immigration arrival form before you land. US dollars are the most widely accepted foreign currency but Euros can also be exchanged locally.

Email Scams

Irish nationals should be aware of the risks presented by social media, email and text message scammers. A range of scams are used to encourage victims to part with money which usually involve building trust with victims over a period of time before announcing an emergency which requires funds urgently. There are many different scams and they almost always involve a relationship formed across social media. In some cases, Irish citizens have been told that funds are urgently needed, such as a child requiring emergency hospital treatment or the online girlfriend or boyfriend needs funds to pay their university fees or a friend in Nigeria has been arrested and money must be urgently transferred to the police. Be very wary of online relationships including those formed via Christian dating websites. Do not transfer funds or give personal information to anyone that you have only ever met online. Further useful information on Advance Fee Fraud in West Africa is available from the website of the Nigeria's Economic and Financial Crimes Commission. For security as well as commercial reasons, business people travelling to Nigeria to be hosted by a new local partner should check the background of the partner before finalising their arrangements.

Natural disasters and climate

Nigeria's climate is tropical, varying from the humid beaches in the south to the hot desert in the north. Temperatures can vary from 21°C to 44°C. Elevated areas of the country such as the Jos plateau are cooler and wetter. Given the high temperatures, travellers in Nigeria frequently become dehydrated and we advise that travellers maintain a supply of drinking water.

Embassy contact

Embassy Contact

Irish citizens who require urgent assistance while the Embassy is closed can contact the Duty Officer at the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade on +353 1 408 2000. The Duty Officer will refer the matter to the Embassy.

Embassy of Ireland
11 Negro Crescent
Maitama District
Abuja
Nigeria

Tel: +234 9 4621080
Fax: +234 9 4131805

Monday to Thursday 09:00-16:00; Friday 09:00-12:00

Contact us

Honorary Consulate Contact

Mr. Cornelius Guilfoyle
Honorary Consul of Ireland
22A Lugard Avenue
Ikoyi
Lagos
Nigeria

Tel: +234 7062107778/+234 7053800255

Email: Email us