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If you’re travelling to Somalia, our travel advice and updates give you practical tips and useful information.

Security Status

  • Normal precautions
  • High degree of caution
  • Avoid non-essential travel
  • Do not travel
  • Overview
  • Safety and Security
  • Local Laws and Customs
  • Health
  • Additional information
  • Embassy Contact



Security status

Do not Travel.

Latest Travel Alert

We advise against all travel to Somalia.

The security environment in Somalia is extremely unpredictable with a high threat of domestic terrorism, especially in south-central Somalia and Mogadishu.

There is an ongoing high threat of terrorism with attacks expected to continue. Intelligence reports suggest that there continues to be a threat to Westerners in Somalia.  If you are already in Somalia, we advise you to exercise caution at all times. If you are in Somalia, please register here with the Embassy in Nairobi and email

Travel to Somalia

Travel to Somalia and Somaliland is subject to entry restrictions as follows:


  • Fully vaccinated passengers with proof of vaccination do not require a negative COVID-19 PCR test to travel to Somalia.
  • Unvaccinated passengers require a negative COVID-19 PCR test certificate with a QR code (taken within 72 hours of arrival) to enter into Somalia.
  • The above rules apply to all children under 18 years of age
  • Passengers displaying symptoms of COVID-19 may be tested on arrival and quarantined if they have tested positive.


  • Fully vaccinated passengers travelling to Somaliland do not require a negative COVID-19 PCR test to travel to enter.
  • Unvaccinated passengers travelling to Somaliland will require a negative COVID-19 PCR test, taken no more than 96 hours before travel. Passengers who do not have this evidence on arrival may be required to spend 14 days in quarantine at their own expense in government-approved facilities.
  • The above rules apply to all children under 18 years of age
  • Egal International Airport has put in place additional measures to screen passengers arriving into Hargeisa by air, including temperature checks.
  • Passengers displaying symptoms linked to the virus may be transferred to a nearby isolation facility while further tests are carried out

If you are in Somalia, you should follow the advice of local authorities and register here with the Embassy of Ireland in Nairobi.

Safety and Security

Safety and security


Somalia is a conflict zone and we advise against all travel to the country.

However, if you are currently in Somalia, you should keep yourself informed of what’s going on around you by monitoring local media and staying in contact with your local contacts or hotel. Avoid demonstrations and public gatherings, which can turn confrontational and stay away from military sites – taking photos, of or near, military or security installations, and some public buildings, may be prohibited.


There is a high threat to westerners and western interests from terrorism in Somalia, including Somaliland. These attacks could be indiscriminate, and could include crowded places, high-profile events, events involving government officials and places frequented by foreigners.


Piracy has been a major problem along the Somali coastline.


Westerners and those working for Western organisations have been targeted in attacks, including kidnappings. If you are remaining in Somalia against our advice, follow these basic precautions:

  • Get advice from your local contacts about staying safe
  • Avoid travelling at night, particularly inter-city
  • Avoid travelling alone
  • When driving, ensure all car doors are locked
  • Vary your routes and departure times – avoid patterns which could be tracked
  • Pay careful attention to local media for reports of kidnapping activities


As well as the ongoing armed conflict, there has been a consistently dangerous level of criminal activity in Somalia over the last few years so you should always take sensible precautions: 

  • Don’t carry your credit card, travel tickets and money together - leave spare cash and valuables in a safe place 
  • Don’t carry your passport unless absolutely necessary and leave a copy of your passport (and travel and insurance documents) with family or friends at home
  • Avoid showing large sums of money in public, especially if you’re alone. Check no one has followed you after conducting your business
  • Avoid dark and unlit streets and stairways, and arrange to be picked up or dropped off as close to your hotel or apartment entrance as possible
  • Keep a close eye on your personal belongings and hold on to them in public places such as internet cafés, train and bus stations
  • Keep your vehicle doors locked and your bags out of sight to prevent opportunistic bag snatching from vehicles stopped at traffic lights
  • Don’t carry your credit card, travel tickets and money together - leave spare cash and valuables in a safe place

Local Laws and Customs

Local laws and customs

Remember, the local laws apply to you as a visitor and it is your responsibility to follow them. Be sensitive to local customs, traditions and practices as your behaviour may be seen as improper, hostile or may even be illegal. Somalia is a Muslim country and therefore visitors should be culturally appropriate.



Get travel and medical insurance

Before travelling, the Department strongly recommends that you obtain comprehensive travel insurance which will cover all overseas medical costs, including medical repatriation/evacuation, repatriation of remains and legal costs. You should check any exclusions and, in particular, that your policy covers you for the activities you want to undertake.


Check what vaccinations you may need for your trip at least eight weeks before you travel. We can’t advise you on vaccinations, but you can get information about vaccinations from your local GP or an International Health and Travel Centre.

Polio vaccination is recommended for all travellers from Ireland to countries where polio transmission is a risk. Before travelling to areas where poliomyelitis cases are still occurring, travellers should ensure that they have completed the recommended age-appropriate polio vaccine schedule and have received a booster dose, if necessary. More information is available on the Health Protection and Surveillance Centre website.


Make sure you bring enough medication for your entire trip and for any unexpected delays. You may wish to also bring copies of your prescription in case you lose your medication.


It is advisable to boil tap water before drinking it, or stick to bottled water.

Additional information

Entry requirements

If you are unsure about the entry requirements for Somalia, including visa and other immigration information, ask your travel agent or contact the country’s nearest Embassy or Consulate.

You can also check with them how long your passport must be valid for.


It’s advisable to take a number of photocopies of your passport with you when travelling to Somalia and you should carry a photocopy of your passport at all times during your stay.

If your passport is lost or stolen while you’re abroad, we can help.

What we can do:

  • Issue you a replacement passport that will let you finish your trip, or;
  • Issue you with an emergency travel document to get you home.

We’ll do our best to help you as quickly as possible but this can take some time. Your location and circumstances may limit the help we can give you. As Ireland does not have an Embassy or Consulate in Somalia there may be additional complications in processing and application for a new passport.

You should contact the Embassy in Nairobi in Kenya to find out what you need to do to apply for a passport. They will also be able to advise you on the fees which apply.


Embassy contact

Embassy Contact

Please note that if you require urgent assistance while the Embassy is closed, contact the Embassy Duty Officer on +254 (0) 716 353 999.

Embassy of Ireland
4th Floor
Delta Office Suites
Waiyaki Way
PO Box 30659-00100

Tel: (+254) 0205 1 353 00

Monday to Friday 08:00-16:00

Contact us