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United Nations Treaty Monitoring Bodies

Certain UN human rights treaties allow individuals to complain to treaty monitoring bodies.

Ireland is party to a number of international human rights treaties.

Some of these treaties allow individuals to make complaints to a committee of independent experts (often referred to as “treaty bodies” or treaty-based “monitoring bodies”) set up under the relevant treaty if they believe that the rights guaranteed by the treaty have been violated. Such complaints are known as “individual communications” and may be made only with regard to the conduct of states which are party to the relevant treaty and which have also accepted the jurisdiction of the committee to hear complaints about its conduct.

Ireland has accepted the jurisdiction to hear individual complaints of a number of the treaty monitoring bodies. The relevant treaties are:

Complaints must be directed to the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights in Geneva.

Decisions of UN Treaty Mechanism Bodies in complaints involving Ireland.

Individual Complaints to the United Nations Human Rights Committee.

2016 - Mellet v Ireland

2006 - O'Neill and Quinn v Ireland

2003 - Ó Colchúin v Ireland

2002 - Kavanagh v Ireland

2001 - Kavanagh v Ireland

1996 - Holland v Ireland

Individuals may also make complaints using other monitoring mechanisms set up by the United Nations These mechanisms include: