- Normal precautions
- High degree of caution
- Avoid non-essential travel
- Do not travel
- Safety and Security
- Local Laws and Customs
- Additional information
- Embassy Contact
Travel to Kosovo
All passengers who enter the Republic of Kosovo must have one of the following:
- Certificate of full vaccination with two doses or a single-dose of Janssen (J&J) vaccine not exceeding more than 12 months after receiving the last dose;
- Certificate of vaccination with a single dose accompanied with a negative RT-PCR test for COVID-19, not older than 48 hours;
- Evidence that the person has recovered from COVID-19 in the last 90 days (positive RT-PCR test issued in the last 21–90 days);
- Evidence that the person has received the third / booster dose;
- Evidence of negative RT-PCR test for COVID-19 not older than 48 hours.
Persons from 12 to 16 years of age must have a negative RT - PCR test not older than 48 hours (unless they fulfil one of the criteria above). Persons under the age of 12 are exempt from these requirements.
Irish citizens with temporary or permanent residence permits in Kosovo, who enter the Republic of Kosovo and do not hold one of the documents listed above will be required to self-isolate for 7 days. These persons shall complete a statement under oath for self-isolation at the relevant border crossing point.
General Travel Advice
While the overall security situation remains calm in most of the country, there are ongoing tensions in northern Kosovo and violence can flare up in the city of Mitrovica without warning. Any Irish citizens already in Kosovo are advised against travel to northern Mitrovica and to the northern municipalities of Leposavic, Zubin Potok and Zvecan as there is an increased risk of disturbance in these areas.
For further information read the safety and security section of this page.
If you are in Kosovo, you should monitor developments regularly and follow the advice of local authorities.
You can contact the emergency services in Kosovo by dialling 94.
As there is no Irish Embassy in Kosovo, we are limited in the help we can offer you in an emergency. However, if you need assistance, you can contact the Irish Embassy in Budapest in Hungary.
Safety and Security
Safety and Security
Safety and security
The Republic of Kosovo formally declared independence from Serbia in 2008. Ireland, and the majority of our EU partners, fully recognise the Republic of Kosovo as an independent nation.
However, the government of Serbia and many Serbs in Kosovo reject Kosovo's declaration of independence and this has led to increased tensions. Although the overall security situation in much of Kosovo remains calm there’s a danger that it could deteriorate.
The situation in the north of the country is especially unpredictable. Avoid non-essential travel to northern Mitrovica and to the northern municipalities of Leposavic, Zubin Potok and Zvecan as there’s an increased risk of disturbance in these areas and violence can flare up in the city of Mitrovica without warning. You shouldn’t try to enter Kosovo from Serbia via Leposavic and Zubin Potok at present.
A number of police and customs border posts between Kosovo and Serbia have been attacked and border control points may close as a result of disorder. You should therefore consider alternative routes of travel to Serbia.
Always keep yourself informed of what’s going on around you by monitoring local media and staying in contact with your hotel or tour organiser. And avoid demonstrations and public gatherings, which can sometimes turn confrontational.
Although the threat from terrorism in Kosovo is low, there is still a global risk of indiscriminate terrorist attacks, which could be against civilian targets, including places frequented by tourists and expatriates.
There are still residual mines and other unexploded ordnance in Kosovo and you should be particularly careful in the areas of the Dulje Pass (central Kosovo), the west and south of the province, the border with Albania and the region between South Serbia’s Presevo Valley and Kosovo. Don’t stray off main routes, particularly in rural areas, and always check with your local contact or tour operator before travelling to affected regions.
Take normal, sensible precautions while in Kosovo:
- Don’t carry your credit card, travel tickets and money together - leave spare cash and valuables in a safe place.
- Don’t carry your passport unless absolutely necessary and leave a copy of your passport (and travel and insurance documents) with family or friends at home.
- Be aware of mugging, bag snatching and pick-pocketing, particularly on busy public transport, in train stations, markets and other places frequented by tourists. You should also be aware that the incidence of car-jacking and car theft continue to increase, particularly in the city of Pristina
If you’re a victim of a crime while in Kosovo, report it to the local police immediately and get a report. And you can contact us at the Irish Embassy in Budapest if you need help.
If you’re planning to drive in Kosovo, you should be extremely careful. The general standard of roads is poor with conditions worsening in rural areas, particularly in bad weather. There are risks of landslides on the main route between Pristina and Skopje. We strongly recommend that you avoid driving at night. If you want to drive:
- Bring your full Irish driving licence and make sure you have adequate and appropriate insurance. European Green Card vehicle insurance is not valid in Kosovo. You should buy local insurance at the border or, if not available, the nearest town
Hiring a vehicle
If you’re hiring a vehicle, we advise you not to hand over your passport as a form of security. If you’re allowing your passport to be photocopied, keep it in your sight at all times.
Check that you have adequate insurance and read the small print of the vehicle hire contract (particularly any waiver that will come into effect if the vehicle is damaged).
You should be aware that many Serbian car hire firms will not allow their vehicles to be driven in Kosovo due to concerns about the security situation. There have been some incidents where Serbian registered cars have been targeted in more isolated areas of Kosovo.
You should check local developments before starting your journey particularly if you plan to cross a land border with Serbia.
Local Laws and Customs
Local Laws and Customs
Local laws and customs
Remember, the local laws apply to you as a visitor and it is your responsibility to follow them. Be sensitive to local customs, traditions and practices as your behaviour may be seen as improper, hostile or even illegal.
Illegal drug use (no matter what the drug) carries stiff penalties, including fines and long prison terms.
We can’t pay for emergency medical repatriation, repatriation of remains, or for expenses as a result of a personal emergency while you are abroad. If you buy an appropriate travel insurance policy, these costs will be covered, provided you haven’t broken the terms and conditions.
Buying comprehensive travel insurance can save you and your family a lot of money if something goes wrong. It will also ensure that you get the medical attention you need, when you need it. Hospital bills can quickly run into thousands of euro, and a medical evacuation back to Ireland can cost thousands more.
Not all policies are the same, and the cheapest one might be cheap for a reason. Make sure your policy covers all the activities you plan to do on your trip. Insurance Ireland recommend that you purchase a policy that provides a minimum medical cover of €1 million.
Your policy should cover:
- All medical care abroad, including evacuation by air ambulance, or other emergency procedures, and any other costs associated with an unexpected longer stay.
- Your entire trip, from departure to return. Consider an annual multi-trip policy if you’re making more than one trip in the year.
- 24-hour emergency service and assistance.
- Personal liability cover (in case you’re sued for causing injury or damaging property).
- Lost and stolen possessions.
- Cancellation and curtailment.
- Any extra activities you intend to do that are excluded from standard policies (e.g. water sport activities such as jet skiing or other extreme sports).
Exclusions: You should know most insurance policies will not cover drink or drug-related incidents.
Check with your doctor a minimum of eight weeks in advance of travelling to see if you need any vaccinations for Kosovo.
The standard of medical care in Kosovo is not comparable to that in Western Europe and you should take out comprehensive travel insurance to cover any medical evacuation.
Crimean Congo Haemorrhagic Fever
Crimean Congo Haemorrhagic Fever (CCHF), a tick-borne infection, is endemic to Kosovo. Although most cases of CCHF occur in the region around Malishevo (central Kosovo), during summer months the other rural areas of Kosovo can be affected.
If you’ve visited Kosovo and are suffering from a fever, headache, chills, muscle aches, vomiting, red rash (which does not fade when pressed under a glass), bleeding on the roof of the mouth or any other unexplained symptoms, you should seek medical advice immediately.
There’s also a risk of exposure to tick-borne encephalitis in forested areas.
You don’t need a visit visa to enter Kosovo for periods of up to 90 days. However, you may have to provide documentary evidence stating the purpose of your visit. A 90-day entry stamp will be issued and this can be renewed for longer stays.
Irish passports should be valid for the dates of entry and exit from Kosovo. It’s advisable to take a number of photocopies of your passport with you. During your stay you should carry a photocopy of your passport at all times.
Serbia entry requirements
As there are ongoing difficulties in travelling between Serbia and Kosovo, we advise you to make alternative arrangements. Serbian authorities will not allow you to travel into Serbia, from Kosovo, unless you began your journey in Serbia and are returning there directly. In 2008, the Serbian government took the decision not to recognise the Republic of Kosovo’s exit/entry stamps, cancelling these at the entry point into Serbia and replacing them with a Serbian border stamp.
We do not have an Embassy in Kosovo, please contact Embassy of Ireland Hungary.
For consular emergencies outside working hours please call the Embassy on +36 1301 4960 and leave a voicemail which is monitored by the Duty Officer.
Alternatively you can call the Department of Foreign Affairs in Dublin on +353 1 408 2000.
Embassy of Ireland
Szabadsag ter 7.
Bank Center, Platina Tower 2, VI. Floor
Tel: +36 1 301 4960
Fax: +36 1 302 9599
Monday to Friday 09.30 - 12.30 and 14.30 - 16.30
Get travel and medical insurance
Before travelling, the Department strongly recommends that you obtain comprehensive travel insurance which will cover all overseas medical costs, including medical repatriation/evacuation, repatriation of remains and legal costs. You should check any exclusions and, in particular, that your policy covers you for the activities you want to undertake.